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摘要: 原创出处 blog.csdn.net/baidu_38083619/article/details/82463058 「岁月安然」欢迎转载,保留摘要,谢谢!


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前因

项目一直使用的是PageHelper实现分页功能,项目前期数据量较少一直没有什么问题。随着业务扩增,数据库扩增PageHelper出现了明显的性能问题。

几十万甚至上百万的单表数据查询性能缓慢,需要几秒乃至十几秒的查询时间。故此特地研究了一下PageHelper源码,查找PageHelper分页的实现方式。

一段较为简单的查询,跟随debug开始源码探寻之旅。

public ResultContent select(Integer id) {
Page<Test> blogPage = PageHelper.startPage(1,3).doSelectPage( () -> testDao.select(id));
List<Test> test = (List<Test>)blogPage.getResult();
return new ResultContent(0, "success", test);
}

主要保存由前端传入的pageNum(页数)、pageSize(每页显示数量)和count(是否进行count(0)查询)信息。

这里是简单的创建page并保存当前线程的变量副本心里,不做深究。

public static <E> Page<E> startPage(int pageNum, int pageSize) {
return startPage(pageNum, pageSize, DEFAULT_COUNT);
}

public static <E> Page<E> startPage(int pageNum, int pageSize, boolean count) {
return startPage(pageNum, pageSize, count, (Boolean)null, (Boolean)null);
}

public static <E> Page<E> startPage(int pageNum, int pageSize, String orderBy) {
Page<E> page = startPage(pageNum, pageSize);
page.setOrderBy(orderBy);
return page;
}

public static <E> Page<E> startPage(int pageNum, int pageSize, boolean count, Boolean reasonable, Boolean pageSizeZero) {
Page<E> page = new Page(pageNum, pageSize, count);
page.setReasonable(reasonable);
page.setPageSizeZero(pageSizeZero);
Page<E> oldPage = getLocalPage();
if(oldPage != null && oldPage.isOrderByOnly()) {
page.setOrderBy(oldPage.getOrderBy());
}

setLocalPage(page);
return page;
}

开始执行真正的select语句

public <E> Page<E> doSelectPage(ISelect select) {
select.doSelect();
return this;
}

进入MapperProxy类执行invoke方法获取到方法名称及参数值

public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
if (Object.class.equals(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
try {
return method.invoke(this, args);
} catch (Throwable t) {
throw ExceptionUtil.unwrapThrowable(t);
}
}
final MapperMethod mapperMethod = cachedMapperMethod(method);
return mapperMethod.execute(sqlSession, args);
}

接着是MapperMethod方法执行execute语句,判断是增、删、改、查。判断返回值是多个,进入executeForMany方法

public Object execute(SqlSession sqlSession, Object[] args) {
Object result;
if (SqlCommandType.INSERT == command.getType()) {
Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.insert(command.getName(), param));
} else if (SqlCommandType.UPDATE == command.getType()) {
Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.update(command.getName(), param));
} else if (SqlCommandType.DELETE == command.getType()) {
Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.delete(command.getName(), param));
} else if (SqlCommandType.SELECT == command.getType()) {
if (method.returnsVoid() && method.hasResultHandler()) {
executeWithResultHandler(sqlSession, args);
result = null;
} else if (method.returnsMany()) {
result = executeForMany(sqlSession, args);
} else if (method.returnsMap()) {
result = executeForMap(sqlSession, args);
} else {
Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
result = sqlSession.selectOne(command.getName(), param);
}
} else if (SqlCommandType.FLUSH == command.getType()) {
result = sqlSession.flushStatements();
} else {
throw new BindingException("Unknown execution method for: " + command.getName());
}
if (result == null && method.getReturnType().isPrimitive() && !method.returnsVoid()) {
throw new BindingException("Mapper method '" + command.getName()
+ " attempted to return null from a method with a primitive return type (" + method.getReturnType() + ").");
}
return result;
}

这个方法开始调用SqlSessionTemplate、DefaultSqlSession等类获取到Mapper.xml文件的SQL语句

private <E> Object executeForMany(SqlSession sqlSession, Object[] args) {
List<E> result;
Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
if (method.hasRowBounds()) {
RowBounds rowBounds = method.extractRowBounds(args);
result = sqlSession.<E>selectList(command.getName(), param, rowBounds);
} else {
result = sqlSession.<E>selectList(command.getName(), param);
}
// issue #510 Collections & arrays support
if (!method.getReturnType().isAssignableFrom(result.getClass())) {
if (method.getReturnType().isArray()) {
return convertToArray(result);
} else {
return convertToDeclaredCollection(sqlSession.getConfiguration(), result);
}
}
return result;
}

开始进入PageHelper的真正实现,Plugin通过实现InvocationHandler进行动态代理获取到相关信息

public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
try {
Set<Method> methods = signatureMap.get(method.getDeclaringClass());
if (methods != null && methods.contains(method)) {
return interceptor.intercept(new Invocation(target, method, args));
}
return method.invoke(target, args);
} catch (Exception e) {
throw ExceptionUtil.unwrapThrowable(e);
}
}

PageInterceptor 实现Mybatis的Interceptor 接口,进行拦截

public Object intercept(Invocation invocation) throws Throwable {
try {
Object[] args = invocation.getArgs();
MappedStatement ms = (MappedStatement)args[0];
Object parameter = args[1];
RowBounds rowBounds = (RowBounds)args[2];
ResultHandler resultHandler = (ResultHandler)args[3];
Executor executor = (Executor)invocation.getTarget();
CacheKey cacheKey;
BoundSql boundSql;
if(args.length == 4) {
boundSql = ms.getBoundSql(parameter);
cacheKey = executor.createCacheKey(ms, parameter, rowBounds, boundSql);
} else {
cacheKey = (CacheKey)args[4];
boundSql = (BoundSql)args[5];
}

this.checkDialectExists();
List resultList;
if(!this.dialect.skip(ms, parameter, rowBounds)) {
if(this.dialect.beforeCount(ms, parameter, rowBounds)) {
Long count = this.count(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
if(!this.dialect.afterCount(count.longValue(), parameter, rowBounds)) {
Object var12 = this.dialect.afterPage(new ArrayList(), parameter, rowBounds);
return var12;
}
}

resultList = ExecutorUtil.pageQuery(this.dialect, executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql, cacheKey);
} else {
resultList = executor.query(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, cacheKey, boundSql);
}

Object var16 = this.dialect.afterPage(resultList, parameter, rowBounds);
return var16;
} finally {
this.dialect.afterAll();
}
}

转到ExecutorUtil抽象类的pageQuery方法

public static <E> List<E> pageQuery(Dialect dialect, Executor executor, MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql, CacheKey cacheKey) throws SQLException {
if(!dialect.beforePage(ms, parameter, rowBounds)) {
return executor.query(ms, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, resultHandler, cacheKey, boundSql);
} else {
parameter = dialect.processParameterObject(ms, parameter, boundSql, cacheKey);
String pageSql = dialect.getPageSql(ms, boundSql, parameter, rowBounds, cacheKey);
BoundSql pageBoundSql = new BoundSql(ms.getConfiguration(), pageSql, boundSql.getParameterMappings(), parameter);
Map<String, Object> additionalParameters = getAdditionalParameter(boundSql);
Iterator var12 = additionalParameters.keySet().iterator();

while(var12.hasNext()) {
String key = (String)var12.next();
pageBoundSql.setAdditionalParameter(key, additionalParameters.get(key));
}

return executor.query(ms, parameter, RowBounds.DEFAULT, resultHandler, cacheKey, pageBoundSql);
}
}

在抽象类AbstractHelperDialect的getPageSql获取到对应的Page对象

public String getPageSql(MappedStatement ms, BoundSql boundSql, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, CacheKey pageKey) {
String sql = boundSql.getSql();
Page page = this.getLocalPage();
String orderBy = page.getOrderBy();
if(StringUtil.isNotEmpty(orderBy)) {
pageKey.update(orderBy);
sql = OrderByParser.converToOrderBySql(sql, orderBy);
}

return page.isOrderByOnly()?sql:this.getPageSql(sql, page, pageKey);
}

进入到MySqlDialect类的getPageSql方法进行SQL封装,根据page对象信息增加Limit。分页的信息就是这么拼装起来的

public String getPageSql(String sql, Page page, CacheKey pageKey) {
StringBuilder sqlBuilder = new StringBuilder(sql.length() + 14);
sqlBuilder.append(sql);
if(page.getStartRow() == 0) {
sqlBuilder.append(" LIMIT ? ");
} else {
sqlBuilder.append(" LIMIT ?, ? ");
}

return sqlBuilder.toString();
}

将最后拼装好的SQL返回给DefaultSqlSession执行查询并返回

public <E> List<E> selectList(String statement, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds) {
try {
MappedStatement ms = configuration.getMappedStatement(statement);
return executor.query(ms, wrapCollection(parameter), rowBounds, Executor.NO_RESULT_HANDLER);
} catch (Exception e) {
throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error querying database. Cause: " + e, e);
} finally {
ErrorContext.instance().reset();
}

至此整个查询过程完成,原来PageHelper的分页功能是通过Limit拼接SQL实现的。查询效率低的问题也找出来了,那么应该如何解决。

首先分析SQL语句,limit在数据量少或者页数比较靠前的时候查询效率是比较高的。(单表数据量百万进行测试)

select * from user where age = 10 limit 1,10;结果显示0.43s

当where条件后的结果集较大并且页数达到一个量级整个SQL的查询效率就十分低下(哪怕where的条件加上了索引也不行)。

select * from user where age = 10 limit 100000,10;结果显示4.73s

那有什么解决方案呢?mysql就不能单表数据量超百万乃至千万嘛?答案是NO,显然是可以的。

SELECT a.* FROM USER a
INNER JOIN
(SELECT id FROM USER WHERE age = 10 LIMIT 100000,10) b
ON a.id = b.id;

结果0.53s

完美解决了查询效率问题!!!其中需要对where条件增加索引,id因为是主键自带索引。select返回减少回表可以提升查询性能,所以采用查询主键字段后进行关联大幅度提升了查询效率。

PageHelper想要优化需要在拦截器的拼接SQL部分进行重构,由于博主能力有限暂未实现。能力较强的读者可以自己进行重构

文章目录
  1. 1. 前因