《Dubbo 实现原理与源码解析 —— 精品合集》 《Netty 实现原理与源码解析 —— 精品合集》
《Spring 实现原理与源码解析 —— 精品合集》 《MyBatis 实现原理与源码解析 —— 精品合集》
《Spring MVC 实现原理与源码解析 —— 精品合集》 《数据库实体设计合集》
《Spring Boot 实现原理与源码解析 —— 精品合集》 《Java 面试题 + Java 学习指南》

摘要: 原创出处 qq_33220089 「blog.csdn.net/qq_33220089」欢迎转载,保留摘要,谢谢!


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最近艿艿和朋友正在肝一个 SpringBoot2.4.2 + Vue 的开源项目:https://github.com/YunaiV/ruoyi-vue-pro

记得 Star 关注下噢,胖友们的支持,真的很重要!

昨天 2020-02-01 完成任务:

  1. 代码生成器模块:51% 完成 do.vm 文件,用于生成数据库实体类,开始编写 mapper.vm 文件,用于生成 MyBatis Mapper 类

这两天有点小忙,还是抽空在地铁上写了会代码。不要问,问就是已经这样 3 年多了~

最近朋友短信模块写了一部分,在 https://gitee.com/zhijiantianya/ruoyi-vue-pro/tree/sms_temp_zzf_0127/ 分支上,感兴趣的胖友可以看看!

对了,我们在 https://gitee.com/zhijiantianya/ruoyi-vue-pro/tree/feat_redis-register/ 分支上,尝试用 Redis 实现一个建议的注册中心,为后续的治理与监控做个铺垫~

kill -9 pid ???

kill可将指定的信息送至程序。预设的信息为SIGTERM(15),可将指定程序终止。若仍无法终止该程序,可使用SIGKILL(9)信息尝试强制删除程序。程序或工作的编号可利用ps指令或jobs指令查看(这段话来自菜鸟教程)。

讲的这个复杂,简单点来说就是用来杀死linux中的进程,啥?你问我啥是进程?请自行百度。

我相信很多人都用过kill -9 pid 这个命令,彻底杀死进程的意思,一般情况我们使用它没有上面问题,但是在我们项目中使用它就有可能存在致命的问题。

kill -9 pid 带来的问题

由于kill -9 属于暴力删除,所以会给程序带来比较严重的后果,那究竟会带来什么后果呢?

举个栗子:转账功能,再给两个账户进行加钱扣钱的时候突然断电了?这个时候会发生什么事情?对于InnoDB存储引擎来说,没有什么损失,因为它支持事务,但是对于MyISAM引擎来说那简直就是灾难,为什么?假如给A账户扣了钱,现在需要将B账户加钱,这个时候停电了,就会造成,A的钱被扣了,但是B没有拿到这笔钱,这在生产环境是绝对不允许的,kill -9 相当于突然断电的效果。

当然了,像转账这种,肯定不是使用MyISAM引擎,但是如今分布式火了起来,跨服务转账已经是很平常的事情,这种时候如果使用kill -9 去停止服务,那就不是你的事务能保证数据的准确性了,这个时候你可能会想到分布式事务,这个世界上没有绝对的安全系统或者架构,分布式事务也是一样,他也会存在问题,概率很小,如果一旦发生,损失有可能是无法弥补的,所以一定不能使用kill -9 去停止服务,因为你不知道他会造成什么后果。

在MyISAM引擎中表现的更明显,比如用户的信息由两张表维护,管理员修改用户信息的时候需要修改两张表,但由于你的kill -9 暴力结束项目,导致只修改成功了一张表,这也会导致数据的不一致性,这是小事,因为大不了再修改一次,但是金钱、合同这些重要的信息如果由于你的暴力删除导致错乱,我觉得可能比删库跑路还严重,至少删库还能恢复,你这个都不知道错在哪里。

那我们应该怎么结束项目呢?

其实java给我们提供了结束项目的功能,比如:tomcat可以使用shutdown.bat/shutdown.sh进行优雅结束。

什么叫优雅结束?

第一步:停止接收请求和内部线程。

第二步:判断是否有线程正在执行。

第三步:等待正在执行的线程执行完毕。

第四步:停止容器。

以上四步才是正常的结束流程,那springboot怎么正常结束服务呢?下面我介绍几种正常结束服务的方案,请拿好小本本做好笔记。

优雅结束服务

kill -15 pid

这种方式也会比较优雅的结束进程(项目),使用他的时候需要慎重,为什么呢?我们来看个例子

我写了一个普通的controller方法做测试

@GetMapping(value = "/test")
public String test(){
log.info("test --- start");
try {
Thread.sleep(100000);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
log.info("test --- end");
return "test";
}
1234567891011

代码很简单,打印:test — start之后让让程序休眠100秒,然后再打印:test — end,在线程休眠中我们使用kill -15 pid来结束这个进程,你们猜 test — end会被打印吗?

application.yml

server:
port: 9988
12

启动项目

sudo mvn spring-boot:run
1

这是maven启动springboot项目的方式图片看到这个就代表项目启动成了

找到项目的进程id

sudo ps -ef |grep shutdown
1

图片这个就是项目的进程号,接下来我们先测试test接口,让线程进入休眠状态,然后再使用kill -15 14086停止项目

sudo curl 127.0.0.1:9988/test
1

回到项目日志图片我们发现请求已经到达服务,并且线程已经成功进入休眠,现在我们kill -15 14086结束进程

sudo kill -15 14086
1

回到日志

2020-04-24 10:53:14.939  INFO 14086 --- [nio-9988-exec-1] com.ymy.controller.TestController        : test --- start
2020-04-24 10:54:02.450 INFO 14086 --- [extShutdownHook] o.s.s.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskExecutor : Shutting down ExecutorService 'applicationTaskExecutor'
java.lang.InterruptedException: sleep interrupted
at java.lang.Thread.sleep(Native Method)
at com.ymy.controller.TestController.test(TestController.java:26)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.doInvoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:190)
at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:138)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:105)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:879)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:793)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:87)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:1040)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:943)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:1006)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:898)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:634)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:883)
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:741)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:231)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:53)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
at org.springframework.web.filter.RequestContextFilter.doFilterInternal(RequestContextFilter.java:100)
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
at org.springframework.web.filter.FormContentFilter.doFilterInternal(FormContentFilter.java:93)
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.WebMvcMetricsFilter.doFilterInternal(WebMvcMetricsFilter.java:109)
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:201)
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:202)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:96)
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:541)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:139)
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:74)
at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:343)
at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:373)
at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:65)
at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:868)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1594)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)
2020-04-24 10:54:04.574 INFO 14086 --- [nio-9988-exec-1] com.ymy.controller.TestController : test --- end
2020-04-24 10:54:04.610 ERROR 14086 --- [nio-9988-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.HandlerExecutionChain : HandlerInterceptor.afterCompletion threw exception

java.lang.NullPointerException: null
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.LongTaskTimingHandlerInterceptor.stopLongTaskTimers(LongTaskTimingHandlerInterceptor.java:123) ~[spring-boot-actuator-2.2.6.RELEASE.jar:2.2.6.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.LongTaskTimingHandlerInterceptor.afterCompletion(LongTaskTimingHandlerInterceptor.java:79) ~[spring-boot-actuator-2.2.6.RELEASE.jar:2.2.6.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerExecutionChain.triggerAfterCompletion(HandlerExecutionChain.java:179) ~[spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.triggerAfterCompletion(DispatcherServlet.java:1427) [spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:1060) [spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:943) [spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:1006) [spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:898) [spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:634) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:883) [spring-webmvc-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:741) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:231) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:53) [tomcat-embed-websocket-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.springframework.web.filter.RequestContextFilter.doFilterInternal(RequestContextFilter.java:100) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.springframework.web.filter.FormContentFilter.doFilterInternal(FormContentFilter.java:93) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.WebMvcMetricsFilter.doFilterInternal(WebMvcMetricsFilter.java:109) [spring-boot-actuator-2.2.6.RELEASE.jar:2.2.6.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:201) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:119) [spring-web-5.2.5.RELEASE.jar:5.2.5.RELEASE]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:202) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:96) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:541) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:139) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:74) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:343) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:373) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:65) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:868) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1594) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) [na:1.8.0_242]
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) [na:1.8.0_242]
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.33.jar:9.0.33]
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) [na:1.8.0_242]

123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112

图片居然报错了,但是test — end是打印出来了,为什么会报错呢?这就和sleep这个方法有关了,在线程休眠期间,当调用线程的interrupt方法的时候会导致sleep抛出异常,这里很明显就是kill -15 这个命令会让程序马上调用线程的interrupt方法,目的是为了让线程停止,虽然让线程停止,但线程什么时候停止还是线程自己说的算,这就是为什么我们还能看到:test — end的原因。更多的 Spring Boot 视频教程可以关注微信订阅号码匠笔记回复 Spring Boot 获取。

ConfigurableApplicationContext colse

我们先看怎么实现

package com.ymy.controller;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
@Slf4j
public class TestController implements ApplicationContextAware {

private ApplicationContext context;

@Override
public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) throws BeansException {
this.context = applicationContext;
}


@GetMapping(value = "/test")
public String test(){
log.info("test --- start");
try {
Thread.sleep(100000);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
log.info("test --- end");
return "test";
}

/**
* 停机
*/
@PostMapping(value = "shutdown")
public void shutdown(){
ConfigurableApplicationContext cyx = (ConfigurableApplicationContext) context;
cyx.close();
}
}
1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526272829303132333435363738394041424344

重点在:cyx.close();,为什么他能停止springboot项目呢?请看源码

public void close() {
synchronized(this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
this.doClose();
if (this.shutdownHook != null) {
try {
Runtime.getRuntime().removeShutdownHook(this.shutdownHook);
} catch (IllegalStateException var4) {
}
}

}
}
123456789101112

程序在启动的时候向jvm注册了一个关闭钩子,我们在执行colse方法的时候会删除这个关闭钩子,jvm就会知道这是需要停止服务。

我们看测试结果图片图片很明显,他也出发了线程的interrupt方法导致线程报错,原理和kill -15差不多。

actuator

这种方式是通过引入依赖的方式停止服务,actuator提供了很多接口,比如健康检查,基本信息等等,我们也可以使用他来优雅的停机。

引入依赖

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
</dependency>

12345

application.yml

server:
port: 9988

management:
endpoints:
web:
exposure:
include: shutdown
endpoint:
shutdown:
enabled: true
server:
port: 8888
12345678910111213

我这里对actuator的接口重新给定了一个接口,这样可提高安全性,下面我们来测试一下

@RequestMapping(value = "/test",method = RequestMethod.GET)
public String test(){
System.out.println("test --- start");
try {
Thread.sleep(10000);
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
System.out.println("test --- end");
return "hello";
}
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在请求test途中停止服务图片我们发现发送停止服务请求之后还给我们返回了提示信息,很人性化,我们看看控制台图片图片test — end被执行了,不过在停止线程池的时候还是调用了线程的interrupt方法,导致sleep报错,这三种方式都可以比较优雅的停止springboot服务,如果我项目中存在线程休眠,我希望10秒以后再停止服务可以吗?肯定是可以的,我们只需要稍微做点修改就可以了。

1.新增停止springboot服务类:ElegantShutdownConfig.java

package com.ymy.config;

import org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector;
import org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatConnectorCustomizer;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;
import org.springframework.context.event.ContextClosedEvent;

import java.util.concurrent.Executor;
import java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class ElegantShutdownConfig implements TomcatConnectorCustomizer, ApplicationListener<ContextClosedEvent> {

private volatile Connector connector;
private final int waitTime = 10;

@Override
public void customize(Connector connector) {
this.connector = connector;
}

@Override
public void onApplicationEvent(ContextClosedEvent event) {
connector.pause();
Executor executor = connector.getProtocolHandler().getExecutor();
if (executor instanceof ThreadPoolExecutor) {
try {
ThreadPoolExecutor threadPoolExecutor = (ThreadPoolExecutor) executor;
threadPoolExecutor.shutdown();
if (!threadPoolExecutor.awaitTermination(waitTime, TimeUnit.SECONDS)) {
System.out.println("请尝试暴力关闭");
}
} catch (InterruptedException ex) {
System.out.println("异常了");
Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
}
}

}
}

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2.在启动类中加入bean

package com.ymy;

import com.ymy.config.ElegantShutdownConfig;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatConnectorCustomizer;
import org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatServletWebServerFactory;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.server.ServletWebServerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationListener;
import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.event.ContextClosedEvent;

import java.util.concurrent.Executor;
import java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

@SpringBootApplication
public class ShutdownServerApplication {

public static void main(String[] args) {
ConfigurableApplicationContext run = SpringApplication.run(ShutdownServerApplication.class, args);
run.registerShutdownHook();
}


@Bean
public ElegantShutdownConfig elegantShutdownConfig() {
return new ElegantShutdownConfig();
}

@Bean
public ServletWebServerFactory servletContainer() {
TomcatServletWebServerFactory tomcat = new TomcatServletWebServerFactory();
tomcat.addConnectorCustomizers(elegantShutdownConfig());
return tomcat;
}
}

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这样我们就配置好了,我们再来测试一遍,test的接口还是休眠10秒图片我们发现这次没有报错了,他是等待了一段时间之后再结束的线程池,这个时间就是我们在ElegantShutdownConfig类中配置的waitTime。

那可能你会有疑问了,jvm没有立即停止,那这个时候在有请求会发生什么呢?如果关闭的时候有新的请求,服务将不在接收此请求。

数据备份操作

如果我想在服务停止的时候做点备份操作啥的,应该怎么做呢?其实很简单在你要执行的方法上添加一个注解即可:@PreDestroy

Destroy:消灭、毁灭 pre:前缀缩写

所以合在一起的意思就是在容器停止之前执行一次,你可以在这里面做备份操作,也可以做记录停机时间等。

新增服务停止备份工具类:DataBackupConfig.java

package com.ymy.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import javax.annotation.PreDestroy;

@Configuration
public class DataBackupConfig {

@PreDestroy
public void backData(){

System.out.println("正在备份数据。。。。。。。。。。。");
}
}
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我们再来测试然后打印控制台日志:图片

文章目录
  1. 1. kill -9 pid ???
  2. 2. kill -9 pid 带来的问题
  3. 3. 优雅结束服务
    1. 3.1. kill -15 pid
    2. 3.2. ConfigurableApplicationContext colse
    3. 3.3. actuator
  4. 4. 数据备份操作