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摘要: 原创出处 blog.csdn.net/kisscatforever/article/details/79817039 「AresCarry」欢迎转载,保留摘要,谢谢!


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一、前言

前两天做了一个导入的功能,导入开始的时候非常慢,导入2w条数据要1分多钟,后来一点一点的优化,从直接把list怼进Mysql中,到分配把list导入Mysql中,到多线程把list导入Mysql中。时间是一点一点的变少了。非常的爽,最后变成了10s以内。下面就展示一下过程。

二、直接把list怼进Mysql

使用mybatis的批量导入操作:

@Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
public int addFreshStudentsNew2(List<FreshStudentAndStudentModel> list, String schoolNo) {
if (list == null || list.isEmpty()) {
return 0;
}
List<StudentEntity> studentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
List<EnrollStudentEntity> enrollStudentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityList = new LinkedList<>();

for (FreshStudentAndStudentModel freshStudentAndStudentModel : list) {

EnrollStudentEntity enrollStudentEntity = new EnrollStudentEntity();
StudentEntity studentEntity = new StudentEntity();
BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, studentEntity);
BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, enrollStudentEntity);
String operator = TenancyContext.UserID.get();
String studentId = BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid();
enrollStudentEntity.setId(BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid());
enrollStudentEntity.setStudentId(studentId);
enrollStudentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
enrollStudentEntity.setOperator(operator);
studentEntity.setId(studentId);
studentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
studentEntity.setOperator(operator);
studentEntityList.add(studentEntity);
enrollStudentEntityList.add(enrollStudentEntity);

AllusersEntity allusersEntity = new AllusersEntity();
allusersEntity.setId(enrollStudentEntity.getId());
allusersEntity.setUserCode(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());
allusersEntity.setUserName(enrollStudentEntity.getName());
allusersEntity.setSchoolNo(schoolNo);
allusersEntity.setTelNum(enrollStudentEntity.getTelNum());
allusersEntity.setPassword(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode()); //密码设置为考生号
allusersEntityList.add(allusersEntity);
}
enResult = enrollStudentDao.insertAll(enrollStudentEntityList);
stuResult = studentDao.insertAll(studentEntityList);
allResult = allusersFacade.insertUserList(allusersEntityList);

if (enResult > 0 && stuResult > 0 && allResult) {
return 10;
}
return -10;
}

Mapper.xml

<insert id="insertAll" parameterType="com.dmsdbj.itoo.basicInfo.entity.EnrollStudentEntity">
insert into tb_enroll_student
<trim prefix="(" suffix=")" suffixOverrides=",">
id,
remark,
nEMT_aspiration,
nEMT_code,
nEMT_score,
student_id,
identity_card_id,
level,
major,
name,
nation,
secondary_college,
operator,
sex,
is_delete,
account_address,
native_place,
original_place,
used_name,
pictrue,
join_party_date,
political_status,
tel_num,
is_registry,
graduate_school,
create_time,
update_time </trim>
values
<foreach collection="list" item="item" index="index" separator=",">
(
#{item.id,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.remark,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.nemtAspiration,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.nemtCode,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.nemtScore,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.studentId,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.identityCardId,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.level,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.major,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.name,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.nation,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.secondaryCollege,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.operator,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.sex,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
0,
#{item.accountAddress,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.nativePlace,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.originalPlace,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.usedName,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.pictrue,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.joinPartyDate,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.politicalStatus,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.telNum,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
#{item.isRegistry,jdbcType=TINYINT},
#{item.graduateSchool,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
now(),
now()
)
</foreach>
</insert>

代码说明:

底层的mapper是通过逆向工程来生成的,批量插入如下,是拼接成类似:insert into tb_enroll_student()values (),()…….();

这样的缺点是,数据库一般有一个默认的设置,就是每次sql操作的数据不能超过4M。这样插入,数据多的时候,数据库会报错Packet for query is too large (6071393 > 4194304). You can change this value on the server by setting the max_allowed_packet' variable.,虽然我们可以通过

类似 修改 my.ini 加上 max_allowed_packet =6710886467108864=64M,默认大小4194304 也就是4M

修改完成之后要重启mysql服务,如果通过命令行修改就不用重启mysql服务。

完成本次操作,但是我们不能保证项目单次最大的大小是多少,这样是有弊端的。所以可以考虑进行分组导入。

三、分组把list导入Mysql中

同样适用mybatis批量插入,区别是对每次的导入进行分组计算,然后分多次进行导入:

@Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
public int addFreshStudentsNew2(List<FreshStudentAndStudentModel> list, String schoolNo) {
if (list == null || list.isEmpty()) {
return 0;
}
List<StudentEntity> studentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
List<EnrollStudentEntity> enrollStudentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityList = new LinkedList<>();

for (FreshStudentAndStudentModel freshStudentAndStudentModel : list) {

EnrollStudentEntity enrollStudentEntity = new EnrollStudentEntity();
StudentEntity studentEntity = new StudentEntity();
BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, studentEntity);
BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, enrollStudentEntity);
String operator = TenancyContext.UserID.get();
String studentId = BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid();
enrollStudentEntity.setId(BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid());
enrollStudentEntity.setStudentId(studentId);
enrollStudentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
enrollStudentEntity.setOperator(operator);
studentEntity.setId(studentId);
studentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
studentEntity.setOperator(operator);
studentEntityList.add(studentEntity);
enrollStudentEntityList.add(enrollStudentEntity);

AllusersEntity allusersEntity = new AllusersEntity();
allusersEntity.setId(enrollStudentEntity.getId());
allusersEntity.setUserCode(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());
allusersEntity.setUserName(enrollStudentEntity.getName());
allusersEntity.setSchoolNo(schoolNo);
allusersEntity.setTelNum(enrollStudentEntity.getTelNum());
allusersEntity.setPassword(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode()); //密码设置为考生号
allusersEntityList.add(allusersEntity);
}

int c = 100;
int b = enrollStudentEntityList.size() / c;
int d = enrollStudentEntityList.size() % c;

int enResult = 0;
int stuResult = 0;
boolean allResult = false;

for (int e = c; e <= c * b; e = e + c) {
enResult = enrollStudentDao.insertAll(enrollStudentEntityList.subList(e - c, e));
stuResult = studentDao.insertAll(studentEntityList.subList(e - c, e));
allResult = allusersFacade.insertUserList(allusersEntityList.subList(e - c, e));
}
if (d != 0) {
enResult = enrollStudentDao.insertAll(enrollStudentEntityList.subList(c * b, enrollStudentEntityList.size()));
stuResult = studentDao.insertAll(studentEntityList.subList(c * b, studentEntityList.size()));
allResult = allusersFacade.insertUserList(allusersEntityList.subList(c * b, allusersEntityList.size()));
}

if (enResult > 0 && stuResult > 0 && allResult) {
return 10;
}
return -10;
}

代码说明:

这样操作,可以避免上面的错误,但是分多次插入,无形中就增加了操作实践,很容易超时。所以这种方法还是不值得提倡的。

再次改进,使用多线程分批导入。

四、多线程分批导入Mysql

依然使用mybatis的批量导入,不同的是,根据线程数目进行分组,然后再建立多线程池,进行导入。

@Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
public int addFreshStudentsNew(List<FreshStudentAndStudentModel> list, String schoolNo) {
if (list == null || list.isEmpty()) {
return 0;
}
List<StudentEntity> studentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
List<EnrollStudentEntity> enrollStudentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityList = new LinkedList<>();

list.forEach(freshStudentAndStudentModel -> {
EnrollStudentEntity enrollStudentEntity = new EnrollStudentEntity();
StudentEntity studentEntity = new StudentEntity();
BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, studentEntity);
BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, enrollStudentEntity);
String operator = TenancyContext.UserID.get();
String studentId = BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid();
enrollStudentEntity.setId(BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid());
enrollStudentEntity.setStudentId(studentId);
enrollStudentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
enrollStudentEntity.setOperator(operator);
studentEntity.setId(studentId);
studentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
studentEntity.setOperator(operator);
studentEntityList.add(studentEntity);
enrollStudentEntityList.add(enrollStudentEntity);

AllusersEntity allusersEntity = new AllusersEntity();
allusersEntity.setId(enrollStudentEntity.getId());
allusersEntity.setUserCode(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());
allusersEntity.setUserName(enrollStudentEntity.getName());
allusersEntity.setSchoolNo(schoolNo);
allusersEntity.setTelNum(enrollStudentEntity.getTelNum());
allusersEntity.setPassword(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode()); //密码设置为考生号
allusersEntityList.add(allusersEntity);
});


int nThreads = 50;

int size = enrollStudentEntityList.size();
ExecutorService executorService = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(nThreads);
List<Future<Integer>> futures = new ArrayList<Future<Integer>>(nThreads);

for (int i = 0; i < nThreads; i++) {
final List<EnrollStudentEntity> EnrollStudentEntityImputList = enrollStudentEntityList.subList(size / nThreads * i, size / nThreads * (i + 1));
final List<StudentEntity> studentEntityImportList = studentEntityList.subList(size / nThreads * i, size / nThreads * (i + 1));
final List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityImportList = allusersEntityList.subList(size / nThreads * i, size / nThreads * (i + 1));

Callable<Integer> task1 = () -> {
studentSave.saveStudent(EnrollStudentEntityImputList,studentEntityImportList,allusersEntityImportList);
return 1;
};
futures.add(executorService.submit(task1));
}
executorService.shutdown();
if (!futures.isEmpty() && futures != null) {
return 10;
}
return -10;
}

代码说明:

上面是通过应用ExecutorService 建立了固定的线程数,然后根据线程数目进行分组,批量依次导入。一方面可以缓解数据库的压力,另一个面线程数目多了,一定程度会提高程序运行的时间。缺点就是要看服务器的配置,如果配置好的话就可以开多点线程,配置差的话就开小点。

五、小结

通过使用这个操作真是不断的提高了,项目使用技巧也是不错。加油~~ 多线程哦~~

文章目录
  1. 1. 一、前言
  2. 2. 二、直接把list怼进Mysql
  3. 3. 三、分组把list导入Mysql中
  4. 4. 四、多线程分批导入Mysql
  5. 5. 五、小结