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摘要: 原创出处 https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/59717198 「powdba」欢迎转载,保留摘要,谢谢!


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背景

本文主要测试MySQL执行update语句时,针对与原数据(即未修改)相同的update语句会在MySQL内部重新执行吗?

测试环境

  • MySQL5.7.25
  • Centos 7.4

binlog_format为ROW

参数

root@localhost : (none) 04:53:15> show variables like 'binlog_row_image';
+------------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+------------------+-------+
| binlog_row_image | FULL |
+------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : (none) 04:53:49> show variables like 'binlog_format';
+---------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+---------------+-------+
| binlog_format | ROW |
+---------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 05:15:14> show variables like 'transaction_isolation';
+-----------------------+-----------------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+-----------------------+-----------------+
| transaction_isolation | REPEATABLE-READ |
+-----------------------+-----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

测试步骤

session1

root@localhost : test 04:49:48> begin;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 04:49:52> select * from test where id =1;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | sid | mid | name |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | 999 | 871 | NW |
+----+------+------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : (none) 04:54:03> show engine innodb status\Gshow master status\G
...
---
LOG
---
Log sequence number 12090390
Log flushed up to 12090390
Pages flushed up to 12090390
Last checkpoint at 12090381
0 pending log flushes, 0 pending chkp writes
33 log i/o's done, 0.00 log i/o's/second

*************************** 1. row ***************************
File: mysql-bin.000001
Position: 154
Binlog_Do_DB:
Binlog_Ignore_DB:
Executed_Gtid_Set:
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

session2

root@localhost : test 04:47:45> update test set sid=55 where id =1;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 0

root@localhost : (none) 04:54:03> show engine innodb status\Gshow master status\G
...
---
LOG
---
Log sequence number 12091486
Log flushed up to 12091486
Pages flushed up to 12091486
Last checkpoint at 12091477
0 pending log flushes, 0 pending chkp writes
39 log i/o's done, 0.00 log i/o's/second

*************************** 1. row ***************************
File: mysql-bin.000001
Position: 500
Binlog_Do_DB:
Binlog_Ignore_DB:
Executed_Gtid_Set: 8392d215-4928-11e9-a751-0242ac110002:1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

session1

root@localhost : test 04:49:57> update test set sid=55 where id =1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

root@localhost : (none) 04:54:03> show engine innodb status\Gshow master status\G
...
---
LOG
---
Log sequence number 12091486
Log flushed up to 12091486
Pages flushed up to 12091486
Last checkpoint at 12091477
0 pending log flushes, 0 pending chkp writes
39 log i/o's done, 0.00 log i/o's/second

*************************** 1. row ***************************
File: mysql-bin.000001
Position: 500
Binlog_Do_DB:
Binlog_Ignore_DB:
Executed_Gtid_Set: 8392d215-4928-11e9-a751-0242ac110002:1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 04:52:05> select * from test where id =1;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | sid | mid | name |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | 999 | 871 | NW |
+----+------+------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 04:52:42> commit;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 04:52:52> select * from test where id =1;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | sid | mid | name |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | 55 | 871 | NW |
+----+------+------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

总结

在binlog_format=row和binlog_row_image=FULL时,由于MySQL 需要在 binlog 里面记录所有的字段,所以在读数据的时候就会把所有数据都读出来,那么重复数据的update不会执行。即MySQL 调用了 InnoDB 引擎提供的“修改为 (1,55)”这个接口,但是引擎发现值与原来相同,不更新,直接返回

binlog_format为STATEMENT

参数

root@localhost : (none) 04:53:15> show variables like 'binlog_row_image';
+------------------+-------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+------------------+-------+
| binlog_row_image | FULL |
+------------------+-------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : (none) 05:16:08> show variables like 'binlog_format';
+---------------+-----------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+---------------+-----------+
| binlog_format | STATEMENT |
+---------------+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 05:15:14> show variables like 'transaction_isolation';
+-----------------------+-----------------+
| Variable_name | Value |
+-----------------------+-----------------+
| transaction_isolation | REPEATABLE-READ |
+-----------------------+-----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

测试步骤

session1

root@localhost : test 05:16:42> begin;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 05:16:44> select * from test where id =1;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | sid | mid | name |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | 111 | 871 | NW |
+----+------+------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : (none) 05:16:51> show engine innodb status\Gshow master status\G
...
---
LOG
---
Log sequence number 12092582
Log flushed up to 12092582
Pages flushed up to 12092582
Last checkpoint at 12092573
0 pending log flushes, 0 pending chkp writes
45 log i/o's done, 0.00 log i/o's/second

*************************** 1. row ***************************
File: mysql-bin.000001
Position: 154
Binlog_Do_DB:
Binlog_Ignore_DB:
Executed_Gtid_Set:
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

session2

root@localhost : test 05:18:30> update test set sid=999 where id =1;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 0

root@localhost : (none) 05:18:47> show engine innodb status\Gshow master status\G
...
---
LOG
---
Log sequence number 12093678
Log flushed up to 12093678
Pages flushed up to 12093678
Last checkpoint at 12093669
0 pending log flushes, 0 pending chkp writes
51 log i/o's done, 0.14 log i/o's/second

*************************** 1. row ***************************
File: mysql-bin.000001
Position: 438
Binlog_Do_DB:
Binlog_Ignore_DB:
Executed_Gtid_Set: 8392d215-4928-11e9-a751-0242ac110002:1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

session1

root@localhost : test 05:16:47> update test set sid=999 where id =1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 0 Warnings: 0

root@localhost : (none) 05:20:03> show engine innodb status\Gshow master status\G
...
---
LOG
---
Log sequence number 12094504
Log flushed up to 12094504
Pages flushed up to 12094504
Last checkpoint at 12094495
0 pending log flushes, 0 pending chkp writes
56 log i/o's done, 0.00 log i/o's/second

*************************** 1. row ***************************
File: mysql-bin.000001
Position: 438
Binlog_Do_DB:
Binlog_Ignore_DB:
Executed_Gtid_Set: 8392d215-4928-11e9-a751-0242ac110002:1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 05:19:33> select * from test where id =1;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | sid | mid | name |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | 999 | 871 | NW |
+----+------+------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

root@localhost : test 05:20:44> commit;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

root@localhost : test 05:20:57> select * from test where id =1;
+----+------+------+------+
| id | sid | mid | name |
+----+------+------+------+
| 1 | 999 | 871 | NW |
+----+------+------+------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

总结

在binlog_format=statement和binlog_row_image=FULL时,InnoDB内部认真执行了update语句,即“把这个值修改成 (1,999)“这个操作,该加锁的加锁,该更新的更新。

文章目录
  1. 1. 背景
  2. 2. 测试环境
  3. 3. binlog_format为ROW
    1. 3.1. 测试步骤
    2. 3.2. 总结
  4. 4. binlog_format为STATEMENT
    1. 4.1. 测试步骤
    2. 4.2. 总结