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摘要: 原创出处 https://juejin.im/post/5a6d1ff6f265da3e243bc1de 「预流」欢迎转载,保留摘要,谢谢!


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在上一篇文章《源代码运行环境搭建》里是通过直接运行 BootStarp 的 main 函数来启动的,只是加了一个 catalina.home 的系统属性。而正常情况下启动 Tomcat 是通过运行脚本的方式,这个就涉及到建立工程时拷贝过来的 script 目录下的一堆脚本文件了。

img

以我的 windows 系统举例,实际上最终是执行 startup.bat 这个批处理文件来启动 tomcat 的。 那么启动分析就冲这个文件开始吧:

一、分析 startup.bat 文件

startup.bat :

 1	@echo off
2 rem Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
3 rem contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
4 rem this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
5 rem The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
6 rem (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
7 rem the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
8 rem
9 rem http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
10 rem
11 rem Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
12 rem distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
13 rem WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
14 rem See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
15 rem limitations under the License.
16
17 if "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" setlocal
18 rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
19 rem Start script for the CATALINA Server
20 rem
21 rem $Id: startup.bat 895392 2010-01-03 14:02:31Z kkolinko $
22 rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
23
24 rem Guess CATALINA_HOME if not defined
25 set "CURRENT_DIR=%cd%"
26 if not "%CATALINA_HOME%" == "" goto gotHome
27 set "CATALINA_HOME=%CURRENT_DIR%"
28 if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat" goto okHome
29 cd ..
30 set "CATALINA_HOME=%cd%"
31 cd "%CURRENT_DIR%"
32 :gotHome
33 if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat" goto okHome
34 echo The CATALINA_HOME environment variable is not defined correctly
35 echo This environment variable is needed to run this program
36 goto end
37 :okHome
38
39 set "EXECUTABLE=%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat"
40
41 rem Check that target executable exists
42 if exist "%EXECUTABLE%" goto okExec
43 echo Cannot find "%EXECUTABLE%"
44 echo This file is needed to run this program
45 goto end
46 :okExec
47
48 rem Get remaining unshifted command line arguments and save them in the
49 set CMD_LINE_ARGS=
50 :setArgs
51 if ""%1""=="""" goto doneSetArgs
52 set CMD_LINE_ARGS=%CMD_LINE_ARGS% %1
53 shift
54 goto setArgs
55 :doneSetArgs
56
57 call "%EXECUTABLE%" start %CMD_LINE_ARGS%
58
59 :end

第 1 行 @echo off 的是关闭显示命令行自身的意思,接下来一大堆 rem 是注释,第 17 行 if "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" setlocal 是要临时修改系统变量,方便批处理运行。第 26 到 33 行的作用是设置 CATALINA_HOME 环境变量,如果操作系统中没设置,则将当前运行脚本的目录作为该环境变量的值,最终都会跳转到 37 行。39 到 46 行验证 CATALINA_HOME 变量所示目录下的 catalina.bat 文件是否存在,不存在则批处理直接结束。48 到 55 行将运行脚本前如果设置了其他参数,将参数保存到 CMD_LINE_ARGS 变量中。最后第 57 行执行 catalina.bat 批处理文件,注意,该行后面跟着两个参数,第 1 个参数是 start。

二、分析 catalina.bat 文件

  1	@echo off
2 rem Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
3 rem contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
4 rem this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
5 rem The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
6 rem (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
7 rem the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
8 rem
9 rem http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
10 rem
11 rem Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
12 rem distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
13 rem WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
14 rem See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
15 rem limitations under the License.
16
17 if "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" setlocal
18 rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
19 rem Start/Stop Script for the CATALINA Server
20 rem
21 rem Environment Variable Prerequisites
22 rem
23 rem Do not set the variables in this script. Instead put them into a script
24 rem setenv.bat in CATALINA_BASE/bin to keep your customizations separate.
25 rem
26 rem CATALINA_HOME May point at your Catalina "build" directory.
27 rem
28 rem CATALINA_BASE (Optional) Base directory for resolving dynamic portions
29 rem of a Catalina installation. If not present, resolves to
30 rem the same directory that CATALINA_HOME points to.
31 rem
32 rem CATALINA_OPTS (Optional) Java runtime options used when the "start",
33 rem "run" or "debug" command is executed.
34 rem Include here and not in JAVA_OPTS all options, that should
35 rem only be used by Tomcat itself, not by the stop process,
36 rem the version command etc.
37 rem Examples are heap size, GC logging, JMX ports etc.
38 rem
39 rem CATALINA_TMPDIR (Optional) Directory path location of temporary directory
40 rem the JVM should use (java.io.tmpdir). Defaults to
41 rem %CATALINA_BASE%\temp.
42 rem
43 rem JAVA_HOME Must point at your Java Development Kit installation.
44 rem Required to run the with the "debug" argument.
45 rem
46 rem JRE_HOME Must point at your Java Runtime installation.
47 rem Defaults to JAVA_HOME if empty. If JRE_HOME and JAVA_HOME
48 rem are both set, JRE_HOME is used.
49 rem
50 rem JAVA_OPTS (Optional) Java runtime options used when any command
51 rem is executed.
52 rem Include here and not in CATALINA_OPTS all options, that
53 rem should be used by Tomcat and also by the stop process,
54 rem the version command etc.
55 rem Most options should go into CATALINA_OPTS.
56 rem
57 rem JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS (Optional) Lists of of semi-colon separated directories
58 rem containing some jars in order to allow replacement of APIs
59 rem created outside of the JCP (i.e. DOM and SAX from W3C).
60 rem It can also be used to update the XML parser implementation.
61 rem Defaults to $CATALINA_HOME/endorsed.
62 rem
63 rem JPDA_TRANSPORT (Optional) JPDA transport used when the "jpda start"
64 rem command is executed. The default is "dt_socket".
65 rem
66 rem JPDA_ADDRESS (Optional) Java runtime options used when the "jpda start"
67 rem command is executed. The default is 8000.
68 rem
69 rem JPDA_SUSPEND (Optional) Java runtime options used when the "jpda start"
70 rem command is executed. Specifies whether JVM should suspend
71 rem execution immediately after startup. Default is "n".
72 rem
73 rem JPDA_OPTS (Optional) Java runtime options used when the "jpda start"
74 rem command is executed. If used, JPDA_TRANSPORT, JPDA_ADDRESS,
75 rem and JPDA_SUSPEND are ignored. Thus, all required jpda
76 rem options MUST be specified. The default is:
77 rem
78 rem -agentlib:jdwp=transport=%JPDA_TRANSPORT%,
79 rem address=%JPDA_ADDRESS%,server=y,suspend=%JPDA_SUSPEND%
80 rem
81 rem LOGGING_CONFIG (Optional) Override Tomcat's logging config file
82 rem Example (all one line)
83 rem set LOGGING_CONFIG="-Djava.util.logging.config.file=%CATALINA_BASE%\conf\logging.properties"
84 rem
85 rem LOGGING_MANAGER (Optional) Override Tomcat's logging manager
86 rem Example (all one line)
87 rem set LOGGING_MANAGER="-Djava.util.logging.manager=org.apache.juli.ClassLoaderLogManager"
88 rem
89 rem TITLE (Optional) Specify the title of Tomcat window. The default
90 rem TITLE is Tomcat if it's not specified.
91 rem Example (all one line)
92 rem set TITLE=Tomcat.Cluster#1.Server#1 [%DATE% %TIME%]
93 rem
94 rem
95 rem
96 rem $Id: catalina.bat 1344732 2012-05-31 14:08:02Z kkolinko $
97 rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
98
99 rem Suppress Terminate batch job on CTRL+C
100 if not ""%1"" == ""run"" goto mainEntry
101 if "%TEMP%" == "" goto mainEntry
102 if exist "%TEMP%\%~nx0.run" goto mainEntry
103 echo Y>"%TEMP%\%~nx0.run"
104 if not exist "%TEMP%\%~nx0.run" goto mainEntry
105 echo Y>"%TEMP%\%~nx0.Y"
106 call "%~f0" %* <"%TEMP%\%~nx0.Y"
107 rem Use provided errorlevel
108 set RETVAL=%ERRORLEVEL%
109 del /Q "%TEMP%\%~nx0.Y" >NUL 2>&1
110 exit /B %RETVAL%
111 :mainEntry
112 del /Q "%TEMP%\%~nx0.run" >NUL 2>&1
113
114 rem Guess CATALINA_HOME if not defined
115 set "CURRENT_DIR=%cd%"
116 if not "%CATALINA_HOME%" == "" goto gotHome
117 set "CATALINA_HOME=%CURRENT_DIR%"
118 if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat" goto okHome
119 cd ..
120 set "CATALINA_HOME=%cd%"
121 cd "%CURRENT_DIR%"
122 :gotHome
123
124 if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\catalina.bat" goto okHome
125 echo The CATALINA_HOME environment variable is not defined correctly
126 echo This environment variable is needed to run this program
127 goto end
128 :okHome
129
130 rem Copy CATALINA_BASE from CATALINA_HOME if not defined
131 if not "%CATALINA_BASE%" == "" goto gotBase
132 set "CATALINA_BASE=%CATALINA_HOME%"
133 :gotBase
134
135 rem Ensure that any user defined CLASSPATH variables are not used on startup,
136 rem but allow them to be specified in setenv.bat, in rare case when it is needed.
137 set CLASSPATH=
138
139 rem Get standard environment variables
140 if not exist "%CATALINA_BASE%\bin\setenv.bat" goto checkSetenvHome
141 call "%CATALINA_BASE%\bin\setenv.bat"
142 goto setenvDone
143 :checkSetenvHome
144 if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\setenv.bat" call "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\setenv.bat"
145 :setenvDone
146
147 rem Get standard Java environment variables
148 if exist "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\setclasspath.bat" goto okSetclasspath
149 echo Cannot find "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\setclasspath.bat"
150 echo This file is needed to run this program
151 goto end
152 :okSetclasspath
153 call "%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\setclasspath.bat" %1
154 if errorlevel 1 goto end
155
156 rem Add on extra jar file to CLASSPATH
157 rem Note that there are no quotes as we do not want to introduce random
158 rem quotes into the CLASSPATH
159 if "%CLASSPATH%" == "" goto emptyClasspath
160 set "CLASSPATH=%CLASSPATH%;"
161 :emptyClasspath
162 set "CLASSPATH=%CLASSPATH%%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\bootstrap.jar"
163
164 if not "%CATALINA_TMPDIR%" == "" goto gotTmpdir
165 set "CATALINA_TMPDIR=%CATALINA_BASE%\temp"
166 :gotTmpdir
167
168 rem Add tomcat-juli.jar to classpath
169 rem tomcat-juli.jar can be over-ridden per instance
170 if not exist "%CATALINA_BASE%\bin\tomcat-juli.jar" goto juliClasspathHome
171 set "CLASSPATH=%CLASSPATH%;%CATALINA_BASE%\bin\tomcat-juli.jar"
172 goto juliClasspathDone
173 :juliClasspathHome
174 set "CLASSPATH=%CLASSPATH%;%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\tomcat-juli.jar"
175 :juliClasspathDone
176
177 if not "%LOGGING_CONFIG%" == "" goto noJuliConfig
178 set LOGGING_CONFIG=-Dnop
179 if not exist "%CATALINA_BASE%\conf\logging.properties" goto noJuliConfig
180 set LOGGING_CONFIG=-Djava.util.logging.config.file="%CATALINA_BASE%\conf\logging.properties"
181 :noJuliConfig
182 set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% %LOGGING_CONFIG%
183
184 if not "%LOGGING_MANAGER%" == "" goto noJuliManager
185 set LOGGING_MANAGER=-Djava.util.logging.manager=org.apache.juli.ClassLoaderLogManager
186 :noJuliManager
187 set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% %LOGGING_MANAGER%
188
189 rem ----- Execute The Requested Command ---------------------------------------
190
191 echo Using CATALINA_BASE: "%CATALINA_BASE%"
192 echo Using CATALINA_HOME: "%CATALINA_HOME%"
193 echo Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: "%CATALINA_TMPDIR%"
194 if ""%1"" == ""debug"" goto use_jdk
195 echo Using JRE_HOME: "%JRE_HOME%"
196 goto java_dir_displayed
197 :use_jdk
198 echo Using JAVA_HOME: "%JAVA_HOME%"
199 :java_dir_displayed
200 echo Using CLASSPATH: "%CLASSPATH%"
201
202 set _EXECJAVA=%_RUNJAVA%
203 set MAINCLASS=org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap
204 set ACTION=start
205 set SECURITY_POLICY_FILE=
206 set DEBUG_OPTS=
207 set JPDA=
208
209 if not ""%1"" == ""jpda"" goto noJpda
210 set JPDA=jpda
211 if not "%JPDA_TRANSPORT%" == "" goto gotJpdaTransport
212 set JPDA_TRANSPORT=dt_socket
213 :gotJpdaTransport
214 if not "%JPDA_ADDRESS%" == "" goto gotJpdaAddress
215 set JPDA_ADDRESS=8000
216 :gotJpdaAddress
217 if not "%JPDA_SUSPEND%" == "" goto gotJpdaSuspend
218 set JPDA_SUSPEND=n
219 :gotJpdaSuspend
220 if not "%JPDA_OPTS%" == "" goto gotJpdaOpts
221 set JPDA_OPTS=-agentlib:jdwp=transport=%JPDA_TRANSPORT%,address=%JPDA_ADDRESS%,server=y,suspend=%JPDA_SUSPEND%
222 :gotJpdaOpts
223 shift
224 :noJpda
225
226 if ""%1"" == ""debug"" goto doDebug
227 if ""%1"" == ""run"" goto doRun
228 if ""%1"" == ""start"" goto doStart
229 if ""%1"" == ""stop"" goto doStop
230 if ""%1"" == ""configtest"" goto doConfigTest
231 if ""%1"" == ""version"" goto doVersion
232
233 echo Usage: catalina ( commands ... )
234 echo commands:
235 echo debug Start Catalina in a debugger
236 echo debug -security Debug Catalina with a security manager
237 echo jpda start Start Catalina under JPDA debugger
238 echo run Start Catalina in the current window
239 echo run -security Start in the current window with security manager
240 echo start Start Catalina in a separate window
241 echo start -security Start in a separate window with security manager
242 echo stop Stop Catalina
243 echo configtest Run a basic syntax check on server.xml
244 echo version What version of tomcat are you running?
245 goto end
246
247 :doDebug
248 shift
249 set _EXECJAVA=%_RUNJDB%
250 set DEBUG_OPTS=-sourcepath "%CATALINA_HOME%\..\..\java"
251 if not ""%1"" == ""-security"" goto execCmd
252 shift
253 echo Using Security Manager
254 set "SECURITY_POLICY_FILE=%CATALINA_BASE%\conf\catalina.policy"
255 goto execCmd
256
257 :doRun
258 shift
259 if not ""%1"" == ""-security"" goto execCmd
260 shift
261 echo Using Security Manager
262 set "SECURITY_POLICY_FILE=%CATALINA_BASE%\conf\catalina.policy"
263 goto execCmd
264
265 :doStart
266 shift
267 if not "%OS%" == "Windows_NT" goto noTitle
268 if "%TITLE%" == "" set TITLE=Tomcat
269 set _EXECJAVA=start "%TITLE%" %_RUNJAVA%
270 goto gotTitle
271 :noTitle
272 set _EXECJAVA=start %_RUNJAVA%
273 :gotTitle
274 if not ""%1"" == ""-security"" goto execCmd
275 shift
276 echo Using Security Manager
277 set "SECURITY_POLICY_FILE=%CATALINA_BASE%\conf\catalina.policy"
278 goto execCmd
279
280 :doStop
281 shift
282 set ACTION=stop
283 set CATALINA_OPTS=
284 goto execCmd
285
286 :doConfigTest
287 shift
288 set ACTION=configtest
289 set CATALINA_OPTS=
290 goto execCmd
291
292 :doVersion
293 %_EXECJAVA% -classpath "%CATALINA_HOME%\lib\catalina.jar" org.apache.catalina.util.ServerInfo
294 goto end
295
296
297 :execCmd
298 rem Get remaining unshifted command line arguments and save them in the
299 set CMD_LINE_ARGS=
300 :setArgs
301 if ""%1""=="""" goto doneSetArgs
302 set CMD_LINE_ARGS=%CMD_LINE_ARGS% %1
303 shift
304 goto setArgs
305 :doneSetArgs
306
307 rem Execute Java with the applicable properties
308 if not "%JPDA%" == "" goto doJpda
309 if not "%SECURITY_POLICY_FILE%" == "" goto doSecurity
310 %_EXECJAVA% %JAVA_OPTS% %CATALINA_OPTS% %DEBUG_OPTS% -Djava.endorsed.dirs="%JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS%" -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" -Dcatalina.base="%CATALINA_BASE%" -Dcatalina.home="%CATALINA_HOME%" -Djava.io.tmpdir="%CATALINA_TMPDIR%" %MAINCLASS% %CMD_LINE_ARGS% %ACTION%
311 goto end
312 :doSecurity
313 %_EXECJAVA% %JAVA_OPTS% %CATALINA_OPTS% %DEBUG_OPTS% -Djava.endorsed.dirs="%JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS%" -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" -Djava.security.manager -Djava.security.policy=="%SECURITY_POLICY_FILE%" -Dcatalina.base="%CATALINA_BASE%" -Dcatalina.home="%CATALINA_HOME%" -Djava.io.tmpdir="%CATALINA_TMPDIR%" %MAINCLASS% %CMD_LINE_ARGS% %ACTION%
314 goto end
315 :doJpda
316 if not "%SECURITY_POLICY_FILE%" == "" goto doSecurityJpda
317 %_EXECJAVA% %JAVA_OPTS% %CATALINA_OPTS% %JPDA_OPTS% %DEBUG_OPTS% -Djava.endorsed.dirs="%JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS%" -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" -Dcatalina.base="%CATALINA_BASE%" -Dcatalina.home="%CATALINA_HOME%" -Djava.io.tmpdir="%CATALINA_TMPDIR%" %MAINCLASS% %CMD_LINE_ARGS% %ACTION%
318 goto end
319 :doSecurityJpda
320 %_EXECJAVA% %JAVA_OPTS% %CATALINA_OPTS% %JPDA_OPTS% %DEBUG_OPTS% -Djava.endorsed.dirs="%JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS%" -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" -Djava.security.manager -Djava.security.policy=="%SECURITY_POLICY_FILE%" -Dcatalina.base="%CATALINA_BASE%" -Dcatalina.home="%CATALINA_HOME%" -Djava.io.tmpdir="%CATALINA_TMPDIR%" %MAINCLASS% %CMD_LINE_ARGS% %ACTION%
321 goto end
322
323 :end

1 到 99 行一大堆注释说明就不看了,100 到 110 行一堆 run 文件校验之类的一般用不到,直接跳到 111 行,接下来先删除上面可能产生的中间文件,接着按照正常流程,在上面的 startup.bat 文件中已经设置过CATALINA_HOME变量,并且校验了改变量下 bin\catalina.bat 文件已经存在(我猜作者写这一段是防止用户直接运行 catalina.bat 文件)。经过这些判断后跳转到 128 行,130 到 133 行设置CATALINA_BASE变量,中间几行注释略过,139 到 144 行如果有 setenv.bat 文件则执行一下该文件。147 到 153 行执行 setclasspath.bat 文件(该文件在同级目录下已经提供,具体脚本下面已经贴出来了,可以读一下,这里不再做分析。主要功能校验是否设置JAVA_HOME变量,没有则在控制台显示出提示信息。注意该文件中第 79 行将会设置_RUNJAVA变量,该变量的值即JAVA_HOMEJRE_HOME的 bin 目录下的 java.exe 文件)。从 156 到 224 行校验并设置一堆变量(注意第 202、203 和 204 行,最后启动分析时将会用到)。226 到 231 行将根据调用 catalina.bat 时设置的参数决定跳转,按照上一段的最后的说明,此时将会跳转到 doStart 标记行。从 265 行开始,校验和设置一些变量之后(注意第 269 行)将会跳转到 execCmd 标记行,即 297 行。297 到 305 行作用是将系统参数保存到CMD_LINE_ARGS变量中。

接下来便是谜底解开的时候,正常情况下将会执行到 310 行,这里单独贴出来分析一下: %_EXECJAVA% %JAVA_OPTS% %CATALINA_OPTS% %DEBUG_OPTS% -Djava.endorsed.dirs="%JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS%" -classpath "%CLASSPATH%" -Dcatalina.base="%CATALINA_BASE%" -Dcatalina.home="%CATALINA_HOME%" -Djava.io.tmpdir="%CATALINA_TMPDIR%" %MAINCLASS% %CMD_LINE_ARGS% %ACTION% 按照 202 行的提示_EXECJAVA一开始的值等于_RUNJAVA,但在 269 行将该值改成了start "%TITLE%" %_RUNJAVA%,这里的作用是另启动一个命令行窗口,并给窗口起名,最终还是执行 java.exe 文件。从%JAVA_OPTS%开始到%MAINCLASS%之前都是在设置运行时参数和系统属性,%MAINCLASS%即 203 行的 org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap,后面是其它的命令行参数,最后一个参数%ACTION%在 204 行时被设置成 start。归结起来一句话,即执行 Bootstrap 类的 main 方法。

setclasspath.bat:

 1	@echo off
2 rem Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
3 rem contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
4 rem this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
5 rem The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
6 rem (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
7 rem the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
8 rem
9 rem http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
10 rem
11 rem Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
12 rem distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
13 rem WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
14 rem See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
15 rem limitations under the License.
16
17 rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
18 rem Set JAVA_HOME or JRE_HOME if not already set, ensure any provided settings
19 rem are valid and consistent with the selected start-up options and set up the
20 rem endorsed directory.
21 rem
22 rem $Id: setclasspath.bat 1202062 2011-11-15 06:50:02Z mturk $
23 rem ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
24
25 rem Make sure prerequisite environment variables are set
26
27 rem In debug mode we need a real JDK (JAVA_HOME)
28 if ""%1"" == ""debug"" goto needJavaHome
29
30 rem Otherwise either JRE or JDK are fine
31 if not "%JRE_HOME%" == "" goto gotJreHome
32 if not "%JAVA_HOME%" == "" goto gotJavaHome
33 echo Neither the JAVA_HOME nor the JRE_HOME environment variable is defined
34 echo At least one of these environment variable is needed to run this program
35 goto exit
36
37 :needJavaHome
38 rem Check if we have a usable JDK
39 if "%JAVA_HOME%" == "" goto noJavaHome
40 if not exist "%JAVA_HOME%\bin\java.exe" goto noJavaHome
41 if not exist "%JAVA_HOME%\bin\javaw.exe" goto noJavaHome
42 if not exist "%JAVA_HOME%\bin\jdb.exe" goto noJavaHome
43 if not exist "%JAVA_HOME%\bin\javac.exe" goto noJavaHome
44 set "JRE_HOME=%JAVA_HOME%"
45 goto okJava
46
47 :noJavaHome
48 echo The JAVA_HOME environment variable is not defined correctly.
49 echo It is needed to run this program in debug mode.
50 echo NB: JAVA_HOME should point to a JDK not a JRE.
51 goto exit
52
53 :gotJavaHome
54 rem No JRE given, use JAVA_HOME as JRE_HOME
55 set "JRE_HOME=%JAVA_HOME%"
56
57 :gotJreHome
58 rem Check if we have a usable JRE
59 if not exist "%JRE_HOME%\bin\java.exe" goto noJreHome
60 if not exist "%JRE_HOME%\bin\javaw.exe" goto noJreHome
61 goto okJava
62
63 :noJreHome
64 rem Needed at least a JRE
65 echo The JRE_HOME environment variable is not defined correctly
66 echo This environment variable is needed to run this program
67 goto exit
68
69 :okJava
70 rem Don't override the endorsed dir if the user has set it previously
71 if not "%JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS%" == "" goto gotEndorseddir
72 rem Set the default -Djava.endorsed.dirs argument
73 set "JAVA_ENDORSED_DIRS=%CATALINA_HOME%\endorsed"
74 :gotEndorseddir
75
76 rem Set standard command for invoking Java.
77 rem Note that NT requires a window name argument when using start.
78 rem Also note the quoting as JAVA_HOME may contain spaces.
79 set _RUNJAVA="%JRE_HOME%\bin\java"
80 set _RUNJDB="%JAVA_HOME%\bin\jdb"
81
82 goto end
83
84 :exit
85 exit /b 1
86
87 :end
88 exit /b 0

三、总结

以上即 tomcat 的启动脚本中的总体流程,只是讲了默认的脚本运行方式,但在脚本阅读中可以看到能根据 catalina.bat 里可以根据不同参数以不同方式运行 tomcat :

debug             Start Catalina in a debugger
debug -security Debug Catalina with a security manager
jpda start Start Catalina under JPDA debugger
run Start Catalina in the current window
run -security Start in the current window with security manager
start Start Catalina in a separate window
start -security Start in a separate window with security manager
stop Stop Catalina
configtest Run a basic syntax check on server.xml

只要能看懂基本 dos 命令,这几个脚本的阅读其实很简单,其他 bat 文件可以大体浏览一下,会发现转了半天,最终都会执行 catalina.bat 文件,而 catalina.bat 文件里最终会执行 Bootstrap 文件的 main 方法,不同的是调用 main 方法时会各自添加不同的入参而已。bat 文件用于 windows 操作系统下启动 tomcat,而 sh 文件则用于 unix 环境下的启动,原理是一致的。

文章目录
  1. 1. 一、分析 startup.bat 文件
  2. 2. 二、分析 catalina.bat 文件
  3. 3. 三、总结