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摘要: 原创出处 https://muyinchen.github.io/2017/09/22/Spring5%E6%BA%90%E7%A0%81%E8%A7%A3%E6%9E%90 —— %E4%BD%BF%E7%94%A8Spring%20AnnotationUtils%E5%A4%84%E7%90%86%E6%B3%A8%E8%A7%A3/ 「一叶知秋」欢迎转载,保留摘要,谢谢!


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通过Java中的注解,程序员可以将配置文件中的一些配置通过使用Java类来实现。例如,在Spring中,通过@RequestMapping注解,我们可以直接在controller内配置URL映射。一般来说,成功者的背后离不开一帮默默支持他的小伙伴,这里同样是,一旦离开其中一个,就甭指望实现所期望的功能,这里要说的一个就是AnnotationUtils

在本文中,我们将会看到AnnotationUtils类是如何给我们提供极大的便利的。首先,我们将关注下其所有可用的方法。进而,我们来看看这些方法用在了什么地方。最后,老规矩,Demo。

代码截的不少,主要还是为了在平时不一定有IDE环境下清楚的看清弄懂上下文的调用关系,也方面读者可以快速的找到相应的代码所在地。

另外,这一篇融合了前面很多篇的细节,有些不清晰明了的地方,请回头看前面的系列。

什么是Spring中的AnnotationUtils类?

AnnotationUtils是一个专门用于处理复杂注解问题的类。其主要由公共和静态方法组成,它允许在类,方法或字段上检查注解。另外,AnnotationUtils不仅仅来做简单的类分析。它也通过查找在超类和接口上的注解来做更多的事情。基于反射的API,AnnotationUtils使用java.lang.reflect的 3个元素来处理注解:

  • Annotation:表示注解。
  • AnnotatedElement:表示被注解元素。
  • Method:提供某些类或接口中的方法的信息。

现在,我们来看看AnnotationUtils类中的最重要的几个public 方法:

  • getAnnotation:有3个这样的名字的方法存在。 第一个接收参数Annotation的对象实例。第二个是AnnotatedElement的实例。第三个getAnnotation方法接收参数Method对象。它们都从字段,类或方法得到并返回注解。
/**
* Get a single {@link Annotation} of {@code annotationType} from the supplied
* annotation: either the given annotation itself or a direct meta-annotation
* thereof.
* <p>Note that this method supports only a single level of meta-annotations.
* For support for arbitrary levels of meta-annotations, use one of the
* {@code find*()} methods instead.
* @param ann the Annotation to check
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for, both locally and as a meta-annotation
* @return the first matching annotation, or {@code null} if not found
* @since 4.0
*/
@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
@Nullable
public static <A extends Annotation> A getAnnotation(Annotation ann, Class<A> annotationType) {
if (annotationType.isInstance(ann)) {
return synthesizeAnnotation((A) ann);
}
Class<? extends Annotation> annotatedElement = ann.annotationType();
try {
return synthesizeAnnotation(annotatedElement.getAnnotation(annotationType), annotatedElement);
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(annotatedElement, ex);
return null;
}
}

/**
* Get a single {@link Annotation} of {@code annotationType} from the supplied
* {@link AnnotatedElement}, where the annotation is either <em>present</em> or
* <em>meta-present</em> on the {@code AnnotatedElement}.
* <p>Note that this method supports only a single level of meta-annotations.
* For support for arbitrary levels of meta-annotations, use
* {@link #findAnnotation(AnnotatedElement, Class)} instead.
* @param annotatedElement the {@code AnnotatedElement} from which to get the annotation
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for, both locally and as a meta-annotation
* @return the first matching annotation, or {@code null} if not found
* @since 3.1
*/
@Nullable
public static <A extends Annotation> A getAnnotation(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement, Class<A> annotationType) {
try {
A annotation = annotatedElement.getAnnotation(annotationType);
if (annotation == null) {
for (Annotation metaAnn : annotatedElement.getAnnotations()) {
annotation = metaAnn.annotationType().getAnnotation(annotationType);
if (annotation != null) {
break;
}
}
}
return (annotation != null ? synthesizeAnnotation(annotation, annotatedElement) : null);
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(annotatedElement, ex);
return null;
}
}

/**
* Get a single {@link Annotation} of {@code annotationType} from the
* supplied {@link Method}, where the annotation is either <em>present</em>
* or <em>meta-present</em> on the method.
* <p>Correctly handles bridge {@link Method Methods} generated by the compiler.
* <p>Note that this method supports only a single level of meta-annotations.
* For support for arbitrary levels of meta-annotations, use
* {@link #findAnnotation(Method, Class)} instead.
* @param method the method to look for annotations on
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @return the first matching annotation, or {@code null} if not found
* @see org.springframework.core.BridgeMethodResolver#findBridgedMethod(Method)
* @see #getAnnotation(AnnotatedElement, Class)
*/
@Nullable
public static <A extends Annotation> A getAnnotation(Method method, Class<A> annotationType) {
Method resolvedMethod = BridgeMethodResolver.findBridgedMethod(method);
return getAnnotation((AnnotatedElement) resolvedMethod, annotationType);
}
  • getRepeatableAnnotations:通过向参数中传递AnnotatedElement所要查找的注解类型来访问,有两个使用此名称的方法。 这两个方法从所提供的AnnotatedElement上得到可重复的注解(即传入的annotationType)对应的元素。例如,它可以返回使用@RequestMapping注解所注解的方法(请看下面的源码)。
	/**
* Get the <em>repeatable</em> {@linkplain Annotation annotations} of
* {@code annotationType} from the supplied {@link AnnotatedElement}, where
* such annotations are either <em>present</em>, <em>indirectly present</em>,
* or <em>meta-present</em> on the element.
* <p>This method mimics the functionality of Java 8's
* {@link java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getAnnotationsByType(Class)}
* with support for automatic detection of a <em>container annotation</em>
* declared via @{@link java.lang.annotation.Repeatable} (when running on
* Java 8 or higher) and with additional support for meta-annotations.
* <p>Handles both single annotations and annotations nested within a
* <em>container annotation</em>.
* <p>Correctly handles <em>bridge methods</em> generated by the
* compiler if the supplied element is a {@link Method}.
* <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not
* <em>present</em> on the supplied element.
* @param annotatedElement the element to look for annotations on
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @return the annotations found or an empty set (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see #getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see AnnotatedElementUtils#getMergedRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see org.springframework.core.BridgeMethodResolver#findBridgedMethod
* @see java.lang.annotation.Repeatable
* @see java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getAnnotationsByType
*/
@Nullable
public static <A extends Annotation> Set<A> getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement,
Class<A> annotationType) {

return getRepeatableAnnotations(annotatedElement, annotationType, null);
}

/**
* Get the <em>repeatable</em> {@linkplain Annotation annotations} of
* {@code annotationType} from the supplied {@link AnnotatedElement}, where
* such annotations are either <em>present</em>, <em>indirectly present</em>,
* or <em>meta-present</em> on the element.
* <p>This method mimics the functionality of Java 8's
* {@link java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getAnnotationsByType(Class)}
* with additional support for meta-annotations.
* <p>Handles both single annotations and annotations nested within a
* <em>container annotation</em>.
* <p>Correctly handles <em>bridge methods</em> generated by the
* compiler if the supplied element is a {@link Method}.
* <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not
* <em>present</em> on the supplied element.
* @param annotatedElement the element to look for annotations on
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @param containerAnnotationType the type of the container that holds
* the annotations; may be {@code null} if a container is not supported
* or if it should be looked up via @{@link java.lang.annotation.Repeatable}
* when running on Java 8 or higher
* @return the annotations found or an empty set (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see #getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see #getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see AnnotatedElementUtils#getMergedRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see org.springframework.core.BridgeMethodResolver#findBridgedMethod
* @see java.lang.annotation.Repeatable
* @see java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getAnnotationsByType
*/
public static <A extends Annotation> Set<A> getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement,
Class<A> annotationType, @Nullable Class<? extends Annotation> containerAnnotationType) {

Set<A> annotations = getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(annotatedElement, annotationType, containerAnnotationType);
if (!annotations.isEmpty()) {
return annotations;
}

if (annotatedElement instanceof Class) {
Class<?> superclass = ((Class<?>) annotatedElement).getSuperclass();
if (superclass != null && Object.class != superclass) {
return getRepeatableAnnotations(superclass, annotationType, containerAnnotationType);
}
}

return getRepeatableAnnotations(annotatedElement, annotationType, containerAnnotationType, false);
}
/**
* Get the declared <em>repeatable</em> {@linkplain Annotation annotations}
* of {@code annotationType} from the supplied {@link AnnotatedElement},
* where such annotations are either <em>directly present</em>,
* <em>indirectly present</em>, or <em>meta-present</em> on the element.
* <p>This method mimics the functionality of Java 8's
* {@link java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getDeclaredAnnotationsByType(Class)}
* with support for automatic detection of a <em>container annotation</em>
* declared via @{@link java.lang.annotation.Repeatable} (when running on
* Java 8 or higher) and with additional support for meta-annotations.
* <p>Handles both single annotations and annotations nested within a
* <em>container annotation</em>.
* <p>Correctly handles <em>bridge methods</em> generated by the
* compiler if the supplied element is a {@link Method}.
* <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not
* <em>present</em> on the supplied element.
* @param annotatedElement the element to look for annotations on
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @return the annotations found or an empty set (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see #getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see AnnotatedElementUtils#getMergedRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see org.springframework.core.BridgeMethodResolver#findBridgedMethod
* @see java.lang.annotation.Repeatable
* @see java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getDeclaredAnnotationsByType
*/
public static <A extends Annotation> Set<A> getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement,
Class<A> annotationType) {

return getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(annotatedElement, annotationType, null);
}

/**
* Get the declared <em>repeatable</em> {@linkplain Annotation annotations}
* of {@code annotationType} from the supplied {@link AnnotatedElement},
* where such annotations are either <em>directly present</em>,
* <em>indirectly present</em>, or <em>meta-present</em> on the element.
* <p>This method mimics the functionality of Java 8's
* {@link java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getDeclaredAnnotationsByType(Class)}
* with additional support for meta-annotations.
* <p>Handles both single annotations and annotations nested within a
* <em>container annotation</em>.
* <p>Correctly handles <em>bridge methods</em> generated by the
* compiler if the supplied element is a {@link Method}.
* <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not
* <em>present</em> on the supplied element.
* @param annotatedElement the element to look for annotations on
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @param containerAnnotationType the type of the container that holds
* the annotations; may be {@code null} if a container is not supported
* or if it should be looked up via @{@link java.lang.annotation.Repeatable}
* when running on Java 8 or higher
* @return the annotations found or an empty set (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see #getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class)
* @see AnnotatedElementUtils#getMergedRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)
* @see org.springframework.core.BridgeMethodResolver#findBridgedMethod
* @see java.lang.annotation.Repeatable
* @see java.lang.reflect.AnnotatedElement#getDeclaredAnnotationsByType
*/
public static <A extends Annotation> Set<A> getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement,
Class<A> annotationType, @Nullable Class<? extends Annotation> containerAnnotationType) {
//得到一个set集合,看下面源码
return getRepeatableAnnotations(annotatedElement, annotationType, containerAnnotationType, true);
}

/**
* 最主要的实现是这个方法
* Perform the actual work for {@link #getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)}
* and {@link #getDeclaredRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement, Class, Class)}.
* <p>Correctly handles <em>bridge methods</em> generated by the
* compiler if the supplied element is a {@link Method}.
* <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not
* <em>present</em> on the supplied element.
* @param annotatedElement the element to look for annotations on
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @param containerAnnotationType the type of the container that holds
* the annotations; may be {@code null} if a container is not supported
* or if it should be looked up via @{@link java.lang.annotation.Repeatable}
* when running on Java 8 or higher
* @param declaredMode {@code true} if only declared annotations (i.e.,
* directly or indirectly present) should be considered
* @return the annotations found or an empty set (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see org.springframework.core.BridgeMethodResolver#findBridgedMethod
* @see java.lang.annotation.Repeatable
*/
private static <A extends Annotation> Set<A> getRepeatableAnnotations(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement,
Class<A> annotationType, @Nullable Class<? extends Annotation> containerAnnotationType, boolean declaredMode) {

Assert.notNull(annotatedElement, "AnnotatedElement must not be null");
Assert.notNull(annotationType, "Annotation type must not be null");

try {
if (annotatedElement instanceof Method) {
annotatedElement = BridgeMethodResolver.findBridgedMethod((Method) annotatedElement);
}
//返回的这个set集合包含的是要查找的注解及其被注解的元素,看下面源码
return new AnnotationCollector<>(annotationType, containerAnnotationType, declaredMode).getResult(annotatedElement);
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(annotatedElement, ex);
return Collections.emptySet();
}
}

...
private static class AnnotationCollector<A extends Annotation> {

private final Class<A> annotationType;

@Nullable
private final Class<? extends Annotation> containerAnnotationType;

private final boolean declaredMode;

private final Set<AnnotatedElement> visited = new HashSet<>();

private final Set<A> result = new LinkedHashSet<>();

AnnotationCollector(Class<A> annotationType,
@Nullable Class<? extends Annotation> containerAnnotationType, boolean declaredMode) {

this.annotationType = annotationType;
this.containerAnnotationType = (containerAnnotationType != null ? containerAnnotationType :
resolveContainerAnnotationType(annotationType));
this.declaredMode = declaredMode;
}

Set<A> getResult(AnnotatedElement element) {
process(element);
return Collections.unmodifiableSet(this.result);
}

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
private void process(AnnotatedElement element) {
if (this.visited.add(element)) {
try {
Annotation[] annotations = (this.declaredMode ? element.getDeclaredAnnotations() : element.getAnnotations());//从元素上得到注解
for (Annotation ann : annotations) {
Class<? extends Annotation> currentAnnotationType = ann.annotationType();
if (ObjectUtils.nullSafeEquals(this.annotationType, currentAnnotationType)) { //这个set集合添加的是要查找的注解及其被注解的元素
this.result.add(synthesizeAnnotation((A) ann, element));
}
else if (ObjectUtils.nullSafeEquals(this.containerAnnotationType, currentAnnotationType)) {
this.result.addAll(getValue(element, ann));
}
else if (!isInJavaLangAnnotationPackage(currentAnnotationType)) {
process(currentAnnotationType);
}
}
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(element, ex);
}
}
}
  • findAnnotation:通过传入AnnotatedElement注解类型来查找方法或者类对象上的注解。

       /**
    * Find a single {@link Annotation} of {@code annotationType} on the
    * supplied {@link AnnotatedElement}.
    * <p>Meta-annotations will be searched if the annotation is not
    * <em>directly present</em> on the supplied element.
    * <p><strong>Warning</strong>: this method operates generically on
    * annotated elements. In other words, this method does not execute
    * specialized search algorithms for classes or methods. If you require
    * the more specific semantics of {@link #findAnnotation(Class, Class)}
    * or {@link #findAnnotation(Method, Class)}, invoke one of those methods
    * instead.
    * @param annotatedElement the {@code AnnotatedElement} on which to find the annotation
    * @param annotationType the annotation type to look for, both locally and as a meta-annotation
    * @return the first matching annotation, or {@code null} if not found
    * @since 4.2
    */
    @Nullable
    public static <A extends Annotation> A findAnnotation(AnnotatedElement annotatedElement, Class<A> annotationType) {
    Assert.notNull(annotatedElement, "AnnotatedElement must not be null");

    // Do NOT store result in the findAnnotationCache since doing so could break
    // findAnnotation(Class, Class) and findAnnotation(Method, Class).
    A ann = findAnnotation(annotatedElement, annotationType, new HashSet<>());
    return (ann != null ? synthesizeAnnotation(ann, annotatedElement) : null);
    }

    /**
    * Perform the search algorithm for {@link #findAnnotation(AnnotatedElement, Class)}
    * avoiding endless recursion by tracking which annotations have already
    * been <em>visited</em>.
    * @param annotatedElement the {@code AnnotatedElement} on which to find the annotation
    * @param annotationType the annotation type to look for, both locally and as a meta-annotation
    * @param visited the set of annotations that have already been visited
    * @return the first matching annotation, or {@code null} if not found
    * @since 4.2
    */
    @Nullable
    private static <A extends Annotation> A findAnnotation(
    AnnotatedElement annotatedElement, Class<A> annotationType, Set<Annotation> visited) {
    try {
    A annotation = annotatedElement.getDeclaredAnnotation(annotationType);
    if (annotation != null) {
    return annotation;
    }
    for (Annotation declaredAnn : annotatedElement.getDeclaredAnnotations()) {
    Class<? extends Annotation> declaredType = declaredAnn.annotationType();
    if (!isInJavaLangAnnotationPackage(declaredType) && visited.add(declaredAnn)) {
    annotation = findAnnotation((AnnotatedElement) declaredType, annotationType, visited);
    if (annotation != null) {
    return annotation;
    }
    }
    }
    }
    catch (Throwable ex) {
    handleIntrospectionFailure(annotatedElement, ex);
    }
    return null;
    }
  • isAnnotationDeclaredLocally:检查注解是否在类中本地声明,而不是继承。

/**
* Determine whether an annotation of the specified {@code annotationType}
* is declared locally (i.e., <em>directly present</em>) on the supplied
* {@code clazz}.
* <p>The supplied {@link Class} may represent any type.
* <p>Meta-annotations will <em>not</em> be searched.
* <p>Note: This method does <strong>not</strong> determine if the annotation
* is {@linkplain java.lang.annotation.Inherited inherited}. For greater
* clarity regarding inherited annotations, consider using
* {@link #isAnnotationInherited(Class, Class)} instead.
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @param clazz the class to check for the annotation on
* @return {@code true} if an annotation of the specified {@code annotationType}
* is <em>directly present</em>
* @see java.lang.Class#getDeclaredAnnotations()
* @see java.lang.Class#getDeclaredAnnotation(Class)
* @see #isAnnotationInherited(Class, Class)
*/
public static boolean isAnnotationDeclaredLocally(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType, Class<?> clazz) {
Assert.notNull(annotationType, "Annotation type must not be null");
Assert.notNull(clazz, "Class must not be null");
try {
return (clazz.getDeclaredAnnotation(annotationType) != null);
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(clazz, ex);
return false;
}
}
  • isAnnotationInherited:检查注解是否从另一个类继承(即未在本地声明)。
/**
* Determine whether an annotation of the specified {@code annotationType}
* is <em>present</em> on the supplied {@code clazz} and is
* {@linkplain java.lang.annotation.Inherited inherited} (i.e., not
* <em>directly present</em>).
* <p>Meta-annotations will <em>not</em> be searched.
* <p>If the supplied {@code clazz} is an interface, only the interface
* itself will be checked. In accordance with standard meta-annotation
* semantics in Java, the inheritance hierarchy for interfaces will not
* be traversed. See the {@linkplain java.lang.annotation.Inherited javadoc}
* for the {@code @Inherited} meta-annotation for further details regarding
* annotation inheritance.
* @param annotationType the annotation type to look for
* @param clazz the class to check for the annotation on
* @return {@code true} if an annotation of the specified {@code annotationType}
* is <em>present</em> and <em>inherited</em>
* @see Class#isAnnotationPresent(Class)
* @see #isAnnotationDeclaredLocally(Class, Class)
*/
public static boolean isAnnotationInherited(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType, Class<?> clazz) {
Assert.notNull(annotationType, "Annotation type must not be null");
Assert.notNull(clazz, "Class must not be null");
return (clazz.isAnnotationPresent(annotationType) && !isAnnotationDeclaredLocally(annotationType, clazz));
}
  • getAnnotationAttributes:获取给定注解的属性。
/**
* Retrieve the given annotation's attributes as a {@link Map}, preserving all
* attribute types.
* <p>Equivalent to calling {@link #getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation, boolean, boolean)}
* with the {@code classValuesAsString} and {@code nestedAnnotationsAsMap} parameters
* set to {@code false}.
* <p>Note: This method actually returns an {@link AnnotationAttributes} instance.
* However, the {@code Map} signature has been preserved for binary compatibility.
* @param annotation the annotation to retrieve the attributes for
* @return the Map of annotation attributes, with attribute names as keys and
* corresponding attribute values as values (never {@code null})
* @see #getAnnotationAttributes(AnnotatedElement, Annotation)
* @see #getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation, boolean, boolean)
* @see #getAnnotationAttributes(AnnotatedElement, Annotation, boolean, boolean)
*/
public static Map<String, Object> getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation annotation) {
return getAnnotationAttributes(null, annotation);
}

/**
* Retrieve the given annotation's attributes as a {@link Map}.
* <p>Equivalent to calling {@link #getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation, boolean, boolean)}
* with the {@code nestedAnnotationsAsMap} parameter set to {@code false}.
* <p>Note: This method actually returns an {@link AnnotationAttributes} instance.
* However, the {@code Map} signature has been preserved for binary compatibility.
* @param annotation the annotation to retrieve the attributes for
* @param classValuesAsString whether to convert Class references into Strings (for
* compatibility with {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata})
* or to preserve them as Class references
* @return the Map of annotation attributes, with attribute names as keys and
* corresponding attribute values as values (never {@code null})
* @see #getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation, boolean, boolean)
*/
public static Map<String, Object> getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation annotation, boolean classValuesAsString) {
return getAnnotationAttributes(annotation, classValuesAsString, false);
}

/**
* Retrieve the given annotation's attributes as an {@link AnnotationAttributes} map.
* <p>This method provides fully recursive annotation reading capabilities on par with
* the reflection-based {@link org.springframework.core.type.StandardAnnotationMetadata}.
* @param annotation the annotation to retrieve the attributes for
* @param classValuesAsString whether to convert Class references into Strings (for
* compatibility with {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata})
* or to preserve them as Class references
* @param nestedAnnotationsAsMap whether to convert nested annotations into
* {@link AnnotationAttributes} maps (for compatibility with
* {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata}) or to preserve them as
* {@code Annotation} instances
* @return the annotation attributes (a specialized Map) with attribute names as keys
* and corresponding attribute values as values (never {@code null})
* @since 3.1.1
*/
public static AnnotationAttributes getAnnotationAttributes(Annotation annotation, boolean classValuesAsString,
boolean nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {

return getAnnotationAttributes(null, annotation, classValuesAsString, nestedAnnotationsAsMap);
}

/**
* Retrieve the given annotation's attributes as an {@link AnnotationAttributes} map.
* <p>Equivalent to calling {@link #getAnnotationAttributes(AnnotatedElement, Annotation, boolean, boolean)}
* with the {@code classValuesAsString} and {@code nestedAnnotationsAsMap} parameters
* set to {@code false}.
* @param annotatedElement the element that is annotated with the supplied annotation;
* may be {@code null} if unknown
* @param annotation the annotation to retrieve the attributes for
* @return the annotation attributes (a specialized Map) with attribute names as keys
* and corresponding attribute values as values (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see #getAnnotationAttributes(AnnotatedElement, Annotation, boolean, boolean)
*/
public static AnnotationAttributes getAnnotationAttributes(@Nullable AnnotatedElement annotatedElement, Annotation annotation) {
return getAnnotationAttributes(annotatedElement, annotation, false, false);
}

/**
* Retrieve the given annotation's attributes as an {@link AnnotationAttributes} map.
* <p>This method provides fully recursive annotation reading capabilities on par with
* the reflection-based {@link org.springframework.core.type.StandardAnnotationMetadata}.
* @param annotatedElement the element that is annotated with the supplied annotation;
* may be {@code null} if unknown
* @param annotation the annotation to retrieve the attributes for
* @param classValuesAsString whether to convert Class references into Strings (for
* compatibility with {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata})
* or to preserve them as Class references
* @param nestedAnnotationsAsMap whether to convert nested annotations into
* {@link AnnotationAttributes} maps (for compatibility with
* {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata}) or to preserve them as
* {@code Annotation} instances
* @return the annotation attributes (a specialized Map) with attribute names as keys
* and corresponding attribute values as values (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
*/
public static AnnotationAttributes getAnnotationAttributes(@Nullable AnnotatedElement annotatedElement,
Annotation annotation, boolean classValuesAsString, boolean nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {

return getAnnotationAttributes(
(Object) annotatedElement, annotation, classValuesAsString, nestedAnnotationsAsMap);
}

private static AnnotationAttributes getAnnotationAttributes(@Nullable Object annotatedElement,
Annotation annotation, boolean classValuesAsString, boolean nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {

AnnotationAttributes attributes =
retrieveAnnotationAttributes(annotatedElement, annotation, classValuesAsString, nestedAnnotationsAsMap);
postProcessAnnotationAttributes(annotatedElement, attributes, classValuesAsString, nestedAnnotationsAsMap);
return attributes;
}

/**
* Retrieve the given annotation's attributes as an {@link AnnotationAttributes} map.
* <p>This method provides fully recursive annotation reading capabilities on par with
* the reflection-based {@link org.springframework.core.type.StandardAnnotationMetadata}.
* <p><strong>NOTE</strong>: This variant of {@code getAnnotationAttributes()} is
* only intended for use within the framework. The following special rules apply:
* <ol>
* <li>Default values will be replaced with default value placeholders.</li>
* <li>The resulting, merged annotation attributes should eventually be
* {@linkplain #postProcessAnnotationAttributes post-processed} in order to
* ensure that placeholders have been replaced by actual default values and
* in order to enforce {@code @AliasFor} semantics.</li>
* </ol>
* @param annotatedElement the element that is annotated with the supplied annotation;
* may be {@code null} if unknown
* @param annotation the annotation to retrieve the attributes for
* @param classValuesAsString whether to convert Class references into Strings (for
* compatibility with {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata})
* or to preserve them as Class references
* @param nestedAnnotationsAsMap whether to convert nested annotations into
* {@link AnnotationAttributes} maps (for compatibility with
* {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata}) or to preserve them as
* {@code Annotation} instances
* @return the annotation attributes (a specialized Map) with attribute names as keys
* and corresponding attribute values as values (never {@code null})
* @since 4.2
* @see #postProcessAnnotationAttributes
*/
static AnnotationAttributes retrieveAnnotationAttributes(@Nullable Object annotatedElement, Annotation annotation,
boolean classValuesAsString, boolean nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {

Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType = annotation.annotationType();
AnnotationAttributes attributes = new AnnotationAttributes(annotationType);

for (Method method : getAttributeMethods(annotationType)) {
try {
Object attributeValue = method.invoke(annotation);
Object defaultValue = method.getDefaultValue();
if (defaultValue != null && ObjectUtils.nullSafeEquals(attributeValue, defaultValue)) {
attributeValue = new DefaultValueHolder(defaultValue);
}
attributes.put(method.getName(),
adaptValue(annotatedElement, attributeValue, classValuesAsString, nestedAnnotationsAsMap));
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
if (ex instanceof InvocationTargetException) {
Throwable targetException = ((InvocationTargetException) ex).getTargetException();
rethrowAnnotationConfigurationException(targetException);
}
throw new IllegalStateException("Could not obtain annotation attribute value for " + method, ex);
}
}

return attributes;
}

/**
* Adapt the given value according to the given class and nested annotation settings.
* <p>Nested annotations will be
* {@linkplain #synthesizeAnnotation(Annotation, AnnotatedElement) synthesized}.
* @param annotatedElement the element that is annotated, used for contextual
* logging; may be {@code null} if unknown
* @param value the annotation attribute value
* @param classValuesAsString whether to convert Class references into Strings (for
* compatibility with {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata})
* or to preserve them as Class references
* @param nestedAnnotationsAsMap whether to convert nested annotations into
* {@link AnnotationAttributes} maps (for compatibility with
* {@link org.springframework.core.type.AnnotationMetadata}) or to preserve them as
* {@code Annotation} instances
* @return the adapted value, or the original value if no adaptation is needed
*/
@Nullable
static Object adaptValue(@Nullable Object annotatedElement, @Nullable Object value,
boolean classValuesAsString, boolean nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {

if (classValuesAsString) {
if (value instanceof Class) {
return ((Class<?>) value).getName();
}
else if (value instanceof Class[]) {
Class<?>[] clazzArray = (Class<?>[]) value;
String[] classNames = new String[clazzArray.length];
for (int i = 0; i < clazzArray.length; i++) {
classNames[i] = clazzArray[i].getName();
}
return classNames;
}
}

if (value instanceof Annotation) {
Annotation annotation = (Annotation) value;
if (nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {
return getAnnotationAttributes(annotatedElement, annotation, classValuesAsString, true);
}
else {
return synthesizeAnnotation(annotation, annotatedElement);
}
}

if (value instanceof Annotation[]) {
Annotation[] annotations = (Annotation[]) value;
if (nestedAnnotationsAsMap) {
AnnotationAttributes[] mappedAnnotations = new AnnotationAttributes[annotations.length];
for (int i = 0; i < annotations.length; i++) {
mappedAnnotations[i] =
getAnnotationAttributes(annotatedElement, annotations[i], classValuesAsString, true);
}
return mappedAnnotations;
}
else {
return synthesizeAnnotationArray(annotations, annotatedElement);
}
}

// Fallback
return value;
}
  • getValue:获取给定注解的值。 有这个名称的存在两种方法。第一个返回注解的全局值。第二个是指定注解参数的值。
/**
* Retrieve the <em>value</em> of the {@code value} attribute of a
* single-element Annotation, given an annotation instance.
* @param annotation the annotation instance from which to retrieve the value
* @return the attribute value, or {@code null} if not found unless the attribute
* value cannot be retrieved due to an {@link AnnotationConfigurationException},
* in which case such an exception will be rethrown
* @see #getValue(Annotation, String)
*/
@Nullable
public static Object getValue(Annotation annotation) {
return getValue(annotation, VALUE);
}

/**
* Retrieve the <em>value</em> of a named attribute, given an annotation instance.
* @param annotation the annotation instance from which to retrieve the value
* @param attributeName the name of the attribute value to retrieve
* @return the attribute value, or {@code null} if not found unless the attribute
* value cannot be retrieved due to an {@link AnnotationConfigurationException},
* in which case such an exception will be rethrown
* @see #getValue(Annotation)
* @see #rethrowAnnotationConfigurationException(Throwable)
*/
@Nullable
public static Object getValue(@Nullable Annotation annotation, @Nullable String attributeName) {
if (annotation == null || !StringUtils.hasText(attributeName)) {
return null;
}
try {
Method method = annotation.annotationType().getDeclaredMethod(attributeName);
ReflectionUtils.makeAccessible(method);
return method.invoke(annotation);
}
catch (InvocationTargetException ex) {
rethrowAnnotationConfigurationException(ex.getTargetException());
throw new IllegalStateException(
"Could not obtain value for annotation attribute '" + attributeName + "' in " + annotation, ex);
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(annotation.getClass(), ex);
return null;
}
}
  • getDefaultValue:获取给定注解或注解属性的默认值(注意@Nullable注解就知道为什么这么说了)。
/**
* Retrieve the <em>default value</em> of the {@code value} attribute
* of a single-element Annotation, given an annotation instance.
* @param annotation the annotation instance from which to retrieve the default value
* @return the default value, or {@code null} if not found
* @see #getDefaultValue(Annotation, String)
*/
@Nullable
public static Object getDefaultValue(Annotation annotation) {
return getDefaultValue(annotation, VALUE);
}

/**
* Retrieve the <em>default value</em> of a named attribute, given an annotation instance.
* @param annotation the annotation instance from which to retrieve the default value
* @param attributeName the name of the attribute value to retrieve
* @return the default value of the named attribute, or {@code null} if not found
* @see #getDefaultValue(Class, String)
*/
@Nullable
public static Object getDefaultValue(@Nullable Annotation annotation, @Nullable String attributeName) {
if (annotation == null) {
return null;
}
return getDefaultValue(annotation.annotationType(), attributeName);
}

/**
* Retrieve the <em>default value</em> of the {@code value} attribute
* of a single-element Annotation, given the {@link Class annotation type}.
* @param annotationType the <em>annotation type</em> for which the default value should be retrieved
* @return the default value, or {@code null} if not found
* @see #getDefaultValue(Class, String)
*/
@Nullable
public static Object getDefaultValue(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
return getDefaultValue(annotationType, VALUE);
}

/**
* Retrieve the <em>default value</em> of a named attribute, given the
* {@link Class annotation type}.
* @param annotationType the <em>annotation type</em> for which the default value should be retrieved
* @param attributeName the name of the attribute value to retrieve.
* @return the default value of the named attribute, or {@code null} if not found
* @see #getDefaultValue(Annotation, String)
*/
@Nullable
public static Object getDefaultValue(
@Nullable Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType, @Nullable String attributeName) {

if (annotationType == null || !StringUtils.hasText(attributeName)) {
return null;
}
try {
return annotationType.getDeclaredMethod(attributeName).getDefaultValue();
}
catch (Throwable ex) {
handleIntrospectionFailure(annotationType, ex);
return null;
}
}

有哪些地方使用了AnnotationUtils方法?

很多Spring项目模块都用了AnnotationUtils。这里我们将重点关注与core和Web开发相关的项目模块:WebWeb MVCcontextbean。这里就不罗嗦太多了,只列出在这些Spring项目中使用的AnnotationUtils的地方:

  1. web MVC

    • AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter,直到 Spring 3.1的版本都是作为注解方法的主要处理程序,使用AnnotationUtils来检查可用于方法级别的不同注解,如:@RequestMapping@ResponseStatus@ResponseBody@ModelAttribute
    • 作为AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter接班人,RequestMappingHandlerMappingAnnotationUtils一起解析@RequestMapping并构造了封装映射配置(变量,HTTP方法, accepted headers 等)的RequestMappingInfo对象。
    /**
    * Uses method and type-level @{@link RequestMapping} annotations to create
    * the RequestMappingInfo.
    * @return the created RequestMappingInfo, or {@code null} if the method
    * does not have a {@code @RequestMapping} annotation.
    * @see #getCustomMethodCondition(Method)
    * @see #getCustomTypeCondition(Class)
    */
    @Override
    protected RequestMappingInfo getMappingForMethod(Method method, Class<?> handlerType) {
    RequestMappingInfo info = createRequestMappingInfo(method);
    if (info != null) {
    RequestMappingInfo typeInfo = createRequestMappingInfo(handlerType);
    if (typeInfo != null) {
    info = typeInfo.combine(info);
    }
    }
    return info;
    }
    /**
    * Delegates to {@link #createRequestMappingInfo(RequestMapping, RequestCondition)},
    * supplying the appropriate custom {@link RequestCondition} depending on whether
    * the supplied {@code annotatedElement} is a class or method.
    * @see #getCustomTypeCondition(Class)
    * @see #getCustomMethodCondition(Method)
    */
    private RequestMappingInfo createRequestMappingInfo(AnnotatedElement element) {
    RequestMapping requestMapping = AnnotatedElementUtils.findMergedAnnotation(element, RequestMapping.class);
    RequestCondition<?> condition = (element instanceof Class ?
    getCustomTypeCondition((Class<?>) element) : getCustomMethodCondition((Method) element));
    return (requestMapping != null ? createRequestMappingInfo(requestMapping, condition) : null);
    }
    • RequestMappingHandlerAdapterWeb MVC项目中使用AnnotationUtils的第三个重要类。我们可以找到2个调用了findAnnotation()方法并都返回MethodFilter类的实例的方法。一个表示@InitBinder注解,第一个表示@ModelAttribute
    	/**
    * MethodFilter that matches {@link InitBinder @InitBinder} methods.
    */
    public static final MethodFilter INIT_BINDER_METHODS = method ->
    AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(method, InitBinder.class) != null;

    /**
    * MethodFilter that matches {@link ModelAttribute @ModelAttribute} methods.
    */
    public static final MethodFilter MODEL_ATTRIBUTE_METHODS = method ->
    ((AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(method, RequestMapping.class) == null) &&
    (AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(method, ModelAttribute.class) != null));

    //以上两个方法的用法
    private void initControllerAdviceCache() {
    if (getApplicationContext() == null) {
    return;
    }
    if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
    logger.info("Looking for @ControllerAdvice: " + getApplicationContext());
    }

    List<ControllerAdviceBean> beans = ControllerAdviceBean.findAnnotatedBeans(getApplicationContext());
    AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.sort(beans);

    List<Object> requestResponseBodyAdviceBeans = new ArrayList<Object>();

    for (ControllerAdviceBean bean : beans) {
    //传入MODEL_ATTRIBUTE_METHODS这个表达式
    Set<Method> attrMethods = MethodIntrospector.selectMethods(bean.getBeanType(), MODEL_ATTRIBUTE_METHODS);
    if (!attrMethods.isEmpty()) {
    this.modelAttributeAdviceCache.put(bean, attrMethods);
    if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
    logger.info("Detected @ModelAttribute methods in " + bean);
    }
    }
    //传入 INIT_BINDER_METHODS 这个表达式
    Set<Method> binderMethods = MethodIntrospector.selectMethods(bean.getBeanType(), INIT_BINDER_METHODS);
    if (!binderMethods.isEmpty()) {
    this.initBinderAdviceCache.put(bean, binderMethods);
    if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
    logger.info("Detected @InitBinder methods in " + bean);
    }
    }
    if (RequestBodyAdvice.class.isAssignableFrom(bean.getBeanType())) {
    requestResponseBodyAdviceBeans.add(bean);
    if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
    logger.info("Detected RequestBodyAdvice bean in " + bean);
    }
    }
    if (ResponseBodyAdvice.class.isAssignableFrom(bean.getBeanType())) {
    requestResponseBodyAdviceBeans.add(bean);
    if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
    logger.info("Detected ResponseBodyAdvice bean in " + bean);
    }
    }
    }

    if (!requestResponseBodyAdviceBeans.isEmpty()) {
    this.requestResponseBodyAdvice.addAll(0, requestResponseBodyAdviceBeans);
    }
    }

接上面最后一个方法selectMethods的实现,然后,我们平时写代码的时候也可以参考此实现形式:

org.springframework.core.MethodIntrospector

	/**
* Select methods on the given target type based on a filter.
* <p>Callers define methods of interest through the {@code MethodFilter} parameter.
* @param targetType the target type to search methods on
* @param methodFilter a {@code MethodFilter} to help
* recognize handler methods of interest
* @return the selected methods, or an empty set in case of no match
*/
public static Set<Method> selectMethods(Class<?> targetType, final ReflectionUtils.MethodFilter methodFilter) {
return selectMethods(targetType, new MetadataLookup<Boolean>() {
@Override
public Boolean inspect(Method method) {
return (methodFilter.matches(method) ? Boolean.TRUE : null);
}
}).keySet();
}
//此段代码可迭代为下面形式,这样更加符合之前定义methodFilter的习惯
public static Set<Method> selectMethods(Class<?> targetType, final ReflectionUtils.MethodFilter methodFilter) {
return selectMethods(targetType, (MetadataLookup)(method)-> {
return (methodFilter.matches(method) ? Boolean.TRUE : null);
}).keySet();
}
  1. web(此处分析俩过时的类,Spring5里没有,但是4里面包含有,之前的文章有写)

    • 如果对象必须使用@Valid进行验证,或者@InitBinder方法存在,HandlerMethodInvoker使用AnnotationUtils来知道@ModelAttribute注解是什么。
    • 这个项目的另一个关键类,HandlerMethodResolver,通过调用AnnotationUtils方法来确定方法的类型(handler,binder或model-attribute)。具体点讲就是通过3种方法完成:isHandlerMethodisInitBinderMethodisModelAttributeMethod。每个都接受Method的实例为参数。
  2. context

    • 用于解析bean注解的类BeanAnnotationHelper使用AnnotationUtils中的findMergedAnnotation()方法来处理用@Bean注解的类。我们使用它来确定bean的名称。
    /**
    * Utilities for processing {@link Bean}-annotated methods.
    *
    * @author Chris Beams
    * @author Juergen Hoeller
    * @since 3.1
    */
    class BeanAnnotationHelper {

    public static boolean isBeanAnnotated(Method method) {
    return AnnotatedElementUtils.hasAnnotation(method, Bean.class);
    }

    public static String determineBeanNameFor(Method beanMethod) {
    // By default, the bean name is the name of the @Bean-annotated method
    String beanName = beanMethod.getName();

    // Check to see if the user has explicitly set a custom bean name...
    Bean bean = AnnotatedElementUtils.findMergedAnnotation(beanMethod, Bean.class);
    if (bean != null && bean.name().length > 0) {
    beanName = bean.name()[0];
    }

    return beanName;
    }

    }

    • 还有一个要说的就是AnnotationAsyncExecutionInterceptor类,其内同样使用AnnotationUtils来解析注解。它调用findMergedAnnotation()方法来解析在运行时所执行的方法的名称。
    /**
    * Specialization of {@link AsyncExecutionInterceptor} that delegates method execution to
    * an {@code Executor} based on the {@link Async} annotation. Specifically designed to
    * support use of {@link Async#value()} executor qualification mechanism introduced in
    * Spring 3.1.2. Supports detecting qualifier metadata via {@code @Async} at the method or
    * declaring class level. See {@link #getExecutorQualifier(Method)} for details.
    *
    * @author Chris Beams
    * @author Stephane Nicoll
    * @since 3.1.2
    * @see org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Async
    * @see org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.AsyncAnnotationAdvisor
    */
    public class AnnotationAsyncExecutionInterceptor extends AsyncExecutionInterceptor {

    /**
    * Create a new {@code AnnotationAsyncExecutionInterceptor} with the given executor
    * and a simple {@link AsyncUncaughtExceptionHandler}.
    * @param defaultExecutor the executor to be used by default if no more specific
    * executor has been qualified at the method level using {@link Async#value()};
    * as of 4.2.6, a local executor for this interceptor will be built otherwise
    */
    public AnnotationAsyncExecutionInterceptor(@Nullable Executor defaultExecutor) {
    super(defaultExecutor);
    }

    /**
    * Create a new {@code AnnotationAsyncExecutionInterceptor} with the given executor.
    * @param defaultExecutor the executor to be used by default if no more specific
    * executor has been qualified at the method level using {@link Async#value()};
    * as of 4.2.6, a local executor for this interceptor will be built otherwise
    * @param exceptionHandler the {@link AsyncUncaughtExceptionHandler} to use to
    * handle exceptions thrown by asynchronous method executions with {@code void}
    * return type
    */
    public AnnotationAsyncExecutionInterceptor(@Nullable Executor defaultExecutor, AsyncUncaughtExceptionHandler exceptionHandler) {
    super(defaultExecutor, exceptionHandler);
    }
    /**
    * Return the qualifier or bean name of the executor to be used when executing the
    * given method, specified via {@link Async#value} at the method or declaring
    * class level. If {@code @Async} is specified at both the method and class level, the
    * method's {@code #value} takes precedence (even if empty string, indicating that
    * the default executor should be used preferentially).
    * @param method the method to inspect for executor qualifier metadata
    * @return the qualifier if specified, otherwise empty string indicating that the
    * {@linkplain #setExecutor(Executor) default executor} should be used
    * @see #determineAsyncExecutor(Method)
    */
    @Override
    protected String getExecutorQualifier(Method method) {
    // Maintainer's note: changes made here should also be made in
    // AnnotationAsyncExecutionAspect#getExecutorQualifier
    Async async = AnnotatedElementUtils.findMergedAnnotation(method, Async.class);
    if (async == null) {
    async = AnnotatedElementUtils.findMergedAnnotation(method.getDeclaringClass(), Async.class);
    }
    return (async != null ? async.value() : null);
    }
    }
  3. bean

    • 我们可以在StaticListableBeanFactoryDefaultListableBeanFactory类中找到AnnotationUtils用来查找bean的注解的用法。

    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.StaticListableBeanFactory

    @Override
    public Map<String, Object> getBeansWithAnnotation(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType)
    throws BeansException {

    Map<String, Object> results = new LinkedHashMap<>();
    for (String beanName : this.beans.keySet()) {
    if (findAnnotationOnBean(beanName, annotationType) != null) {
    results.put(beanName, getBean(beanName));
    }
    }
    return results;
    }

    @Override
    public <A extends Annotation> A findAnnotationOnBean(String beanName, Class<A> annotationType)
    throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException{

    Class<?> beanType = getType(beanName);
    return (beanType != null ? AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(beanType, annotationType) : null);
    }

    org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory

    @Override
    public String[] getBeanNamesForAnnotation(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    List<String> results = new ArrayList<>();
    for (String beanName : this.beanDefinitionNames) {
    BeanDefinition beanDefinition = getBeanDefinition(beanName);
    if (!beanDefinition.isAbstract() && findAnnotationOnBean(beanName, annotationType) != null) {
    results.add(beanName);
    }
    }
    for (String beanName : this.manualSingletonNames) {
    if (!results.contains(beanName) && findAnnotationOnBean(beanName, annotationType) != null) {
    results.add(beanName);
    }
    }
    return results.toArray(new String[results.size()]);
    }

    @Override
    public Map<String, Object> getBeansWithAnnotation(Class<? extends Annotation> annotationType) {
    String[] beanNames = getBeanNamesForAnnotation(annotationType);
    Map<String, Object> results = new LinkedHashMap<>(beanNames.length);
    for (String beanName : beanNames) {
    results.put(beanName, getBean(beanName));
    }
    return results;
    }
    /**
    * Find a {@link Annotation} of {@code annotationType} on the specified
    * bean, traversing its interfaces and super classes if no annotation can be
    * found on the given class itself, as well as checking its raw bean class
    * if not found on the exposed bean reference (e.g. in case of a proxy).
    */
    @Override
    public <A extends Annotation> A findAnnotationOnBean(String beanName, Class<A> annotationType)
    throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException{

    A ann = null;
    Class<?> beanType = getType(beanName);
    if (beanType != null) {
    ann = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(beanType, annotationType);
    }
    if (ann == null && containsBeanDefinition(beanName)) {
    BeanDefinition bd = getMergedBeanDefinition(beanName);
    if (bd instanceof AbstractBeanDefinition) {
    AbstractBeanDefinition abd = (AbstractBeanDefinition) bd;
    if (abd.hasBeanClass()) {
    ann = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(abd.getBeanClass(), annotationType);
    }
    }
    }
    return ann;
    }

AnnotationUtils in Action

为了更好地理解Spring中AnnotationUtils的工作方式,我们来搞两个注解:第一个对应方法,第二个对应类。之后,写两个测试类和一个playground类,我们要达到的目的是输出由AnnotationUtils完成的注解分析结果。这两个注解定义如下:

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Target({ElementType.TYPE})
public @interface ClassNameAnnotation {

String className() default "Empty class name";
}
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Target({ElementType.METHOD})
public @interface StaticTextAnnotation {

String text() default "Default text for static text annotation";
String value() default "Default value";
}

@Retention注解是必需的(估计这里是大家的知识盲区,所以特地点出来)。否则AnnotationUtils将无法检测到这些注解。注意在StaticTextAnnotation中存在value()属性,并且在ClassNameAnnotation中不存在此属性。在以下代码中,你可以找到相应的测试类:

@ClassNameAnnotation(className = "TestChildren")
public class TestParent {

@StaticTextAnnotation(value= "Custom text value", text = "Test text")
public String test(HttpServletRequest request) {
return "test";
}
}
public class TestChildren extends TestParent {
}

TestChildren类没有任何注解。我们使用它来测试继承注解检查。

public class Playground {
public static void main(String[] args) {
try {
Method method = TestParent.class.getMethod("test", new Class[]{HttpServletRequest.class});
Annotation staticTextAnnot = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(method, StaticTextAnnotation.class);
System.out.println("@StaticTextAnnotation of method is: "+staticTextAnnot);
System.out.println("@StaticTextAnnotation method value: "+AnnotationUtils.getValue(staticTextAnnot, "text"));
System.out.println("@StaticTextAnnotation method default value: "+AnnotationUtils.getDefaultValue(staticTextAnnot, "text"));
System.out.println("@StaticTextAnnotation value: "+AnnotationUtils.getValue(staticTextAnnot));

// inheriting annotations tests
Annotation classNameAnnotation = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(TestChildren.class, ClassNameAnnotation.class);
System.out.println("@ClassNameAnnotation of TestChildren.class is: "+classNameAnnotation);
System.out.println("@ClassNameAnnotation method value: "+AnnotationUtils.getValue(classNameAnnotation, "className"));
System.out.println("@ClassNameAnnotation method default value: "+AnnotationUtils.getDefaultValue(classNameAnnotation, "className"));
System.out.println("@ClassNameAnnotation value: "+AnnotationUtils.getValue(classNameAnnotation));
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

Playgroundmain方法结果如下:

@StaticTextAnnotation of method is: @com.migo.annotations.StaticTextAnnotation(text=Test text, value=Custom text value)
@StaticTextAnnotation method value: Test text
@StaticTextAnnotation method default value: Default text for static text annotation
@StaticTextAnnotation value: Custom text value
@ClassNameAnnotation of TestChildren.class is: @com.migo.annotations.ClassNameAnnotation(className=TestChildren)
@ClassNameAnnotation method value: TestChildren
@ClassNameAnnotation method default value: Empty class name
@ClassNameAnnotation value: null

如上所示,我们可以很轻易的了解很多注解点。我们可以检查value()属性或另一个自定义属性的值。我们还可以检查属性的默认值。除此之外,AnnotationUtils还可以在继承体系结构中进行注解操作。

666. 彩蛋

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文章目录
  1. 1. 什么是Spring中的AnnotationUtils类?
  2. 2. 有哪些地方使用了AnnotationUtils方法?
  3. 3. AnnotationUtils in Action
  • 666. 彩蛋